Calhoun County is a county in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census, the population was 118,572. Its county seat is
Anniston. Its name is in honor of John C. Calhoun, famous member of the United States Senate from South Carolina.
Calhoun County is included in the Anniston-Oxford Metropolitan Statistical Area.
On January 29, 1858, Alabama supporters of slavery, objecting to Benton's change of heart, renamed Benton County as Calhoun County in honor of John C. Calhoun, famous member of the United States Senate from South Carolina.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Benton County was established on December 18, 1832, named for Thomas Hart Benton, and then later changed to Calhoun County. Thomas Hart was a member of the United States Senate from Missouri, with its county seat at Jacksonville. Benton, a slave-owner, was a political ally of John C. Calhoun, another slaveholder and a US senator from South Carolina. Through the 1820s-1840s, however, Benton's and Calhoun's political interests diverged, with Calhoun increasingly using secession as a weapon to maintain and expand slavery throughout the United States. Benton, on the other hand, was slowly coming to the conclusion that slavery was wrong and that preservation of the union was paramount.
On January 29, 1858, Alabama supporters of slavery, objecting to Benton's change of heart, renamed Benton County as Calhoun County. The county seat was moved to Anniston after years of controversy and a State Supreme Court ruling in June 1900.
According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 612 square miles (1,590 km2), of which 606 square miles (1,570 km2)
is land and 6.4 square miles (17 km2) (1.0%) is water.
Calhoun County is home to Jacksonville State University, the Anniston Museum of Natural History, the Berman Museum of World History and the Coldwater Covered Bridge. It also contains a portion of the Talladega National Forest.
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