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Alabama Counties
Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.

Calhoun County, Alabama

Calhoun County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Anniston
Year Organized: 1858
Square Miles: 608
Court House:

1702 Noble Street
County Courthouse
Anniston, AL 36201-3826

Etymology - Origin of County Name

On January 29, 1858, Alabama supporters of slavery, objecting to Benton's change of heart, renamed Benton County as Calhoun County.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Calhoun County, Alabama

Benton County was established on December 18, 1832, named for Thomas Hart Benton, and then later changed to Calhoun County. Thomas Hart was a member of the United States Senate from Missouri, with its county seat at Jacksonville. Benton, a slave-owner, was a political ally of John C. Calhoun, another slaveholder and a US senator from South Carolina. Through the 1820s-1840s, however, Benton's and Calhoun's political interests diverged, with Calhoun increasingly using secession as a weapon to maintain and expand slavery throughout the United States. Benton, on the other hand, was slowly coming to the conclusion that slavery was wrong and that preservation of the union was paramount.

On January 29, 1858, Alabama supporters of slavery, objecting to Benton's change of heart, renamed Benton County as Calhoun County. The county seat was moved to Anniston after years of controversy and a State Supreme Court ruling in June 1900.


As of the census of 2000, there were 112,249 people, 45,307 households, and 31,307 families living in the county. The population density was 71/km˛ (184/mi˛). There were 51,322 housing units at an average density of 33/km˛ (84/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 78.88% White, 18.54% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 1.56% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 45,307 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 13.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,768, and the median income for a family was $39,908. Males had a median income of $30,847 versus $21,076 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,367. About 12.40% of families and 16.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.60% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of that age 65 or over.

According to the census of 2000, there were 112,249 people, 45,307 households, and 31,307 families living in the county. The population density was 71/km˛ (184/mi˛). There were 51,322 housing units at an average density of 33/km˛ (84/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 78.88% White, 18.54% Black or African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.56% Asian, 0.07% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 0.96% from two or more races. 1.56% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 45,307 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.20% were married couples living together, 13.40% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.90% were non-families. 26.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.94.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 10.40% from 18 to 24, 27.80% from 25 to 44, 24.10% from 45 to 64, and 14.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females there were 91.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,768, and the median income for a family was $39,908. Males had a median income of $30,847 versus $21,076 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,367. About 12.40% of families and 16.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.60% of those under age 18 and 12.70% of that age 65 or over.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Cherokee County
  • Southeast: Cleburne County
  • Southwest: Talladega County
  • West: St. Clair County
  • Northwest: Etowah County

Cities and Towns:

- Anniston (County Seat) city Incorporated Area
- Hobson City town Incorporated Area
- Jacksonville city Incorporated Area
- Ohatchee town Incorporated Area
- Oxford city Incorporated Area
- Piedmont city Incorporated Area
- Weaver city Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"