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Alabama Counties
Alabama currently has sixty-seven counties. The oldest county, Washington, was created on June 4, 1800, when what is now Alabama was then part of the Mississippi Territory. The newest county is Houston, created on February 9, 1903.

In 1820, Alabama had 29 counties. By 1830 there were 36, with Indians still occupying land in northeast and far western Alabama. By 1840, 49 counties had been created; 52 by 1850; 65 by 1870; and the present 67 counties by 1903.

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Madison County, Alabama

Madison County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Huntsville
Year Organized: 1808
Square Miles: 805
Court House:

100 North Side Square
County Courthouse
Huntsville, AL 35801-4800

Etymology - Origin of County Name

The county was named for Pres. James Madison.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Madison County, Alabama


Formed by Mississippi Territory Governor Robert Williams on 1808 Dec. 13. Additional land was added until the county achieved its current form in 1824. The county was named for Pres. James Madison. The county is located in the north-central part of the state, bounded to the north by the State of Tennessee and to the south by the Tennessee River. It encompasses 806 square miles. The first white settlers entered the area in 1804. The area was previously inhabited by Cherokee and Chickasaw Indians. The county seat was established at Huntsville. Huntsville also served as the temporary State capital in 1819. Today, Huntsville is the home of the Marshall Space Center. Other towns located in Madison County include New Market, Normal, Madison, Owens Cross Roads and New Hope.

According to the census of 2000, there were 276,700 people, 109,955 households, and 75,319 families living in the county. The population density was 133/km˛ (344/mi˛). There were 120,288 housing units at an average density of 58/km˛ (149/mi˛). The racial makeup of the county was 72.06% White, 22.78% Black or African American, 0.77% Native American, 1.86% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 0.59% from other races, and 1.89% from two or more races. 1.89% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 109,955 households out of which 33.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.40% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.50% were non-families. 27.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.60% under the age of 18, 9.40% from 18 to 24, 31.50% from 25 to 44, 22.70% from 45 to 64, and 10.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 95.30 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $44,704, and the median income for a family was $54,360. Males had a median income of $40,779 versus $26,534 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,091. About 8.10% of families and 10.50% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.10% of those under age 18 and 9.60% of that age 65 or over.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Lincoln County, Tenn.
  • Northeast: Franklin County, Tenn.
  • East: Jackson County
  • Southeast: Marshall County
  • Southwest: Morgan County
  • West: Limestone County

Cities and Towns:

- Gurley town Incorporated Area
- Huntsville (County Seat) city Incorporated Area
- Madison city Incorporated Area
- New Hope city Incorporated Area
- Owens Cross Roads town Incorporated Area
- Triana town Incorporated Area

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"

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