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California CountiesThe U.S. state of California is divided into fifty-eight counties. On January 4, 1850, the California constitutional committee recommended the formation of 18 counties. They were Benicia, Butte, Fremont, Los Angeles, Mariposa, Monterey, Mount Diablo, Oro, Redding, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Joaquin, San Jose, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Sonoma, and Sutter. On April 22, the Counties of Branciforte, Calaveras, Coloma, Colusi, Marin, Mendocino, Napa, Trinity, and Yuba were added. Benicia was renamed Solano, Coloma to El Dorado, Fremont to Yola, Mt. Diablo to Contra Costa, San Jose to Santa Clara, Oro to Tuolumne, and Redding to Shasta. One of the first state legislative acts regarding Counties was to rename Branciforte County to Santa Cruz, Colusi to Colusa, and Yola to Yolo.
The last California county to have been established is Imperial County in 1907.
Calaveras County, California
Calaveras County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
The meaning of the word calaveras is "skulls." This county takes its name from the Calaveras River, which was reportedly so designated by an early explorer when he found, on the banks of the stream, many skulls of Indians who had either died of famine or had been killed in tribal conflicts over hunting and fishing grounds.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Calaveras County, one of the original 27 counties of the State, was organized at the 1849-50 session of the
California State Legislature. At one time it embraced a portion of Amador, Alpine and Mono Counties. In 1854, Amador
County was created from Calaveras and El Dorado counties, and parts of Calaveras County was taken to form Fresno County
in 1856, Mono County in 1861 and Alpine County in 1864.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,037 square miles (2,685 kmē),
of which, 1,020 square miles (2,642 kmē) of it is land and 17 square miles (44 kmē) of it (1.62%) is
water. A California Department of Forestry report lists the county's area in acres as 663,000, although
the exact figure would be 663,477.949 acres (2,685.00000 km2). There are a number of caverns located in
Cities and Towns:
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"