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California CountiesThe U.S. state of California is divided into fifty-eight counties. On January 4, 1850, the California constitutional committee recommended the formation of 18 counties. They were Benicia, Butte, Fremont, Los Angeles, Mariposa, Monterey, Mount Diablo, Oro, Redding, Sacramento, San Diego, San Francisco, San Joaquin, San Jose, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Sonoma, and Sutter. On April 22, the Counties of Branciforte, Calaveras, Coloma, Colusi, Marin, Mendocino, Napa, Trinity, and Yuba were added. Benicia was renamed Solano, Coloma to El Dorado, Fremont to Yola, Mt. Diablo to Contra Costa, San Jose to Santa Clara, Oro to Tuolumne, and Redding to Shasta. One of the first state legislative acts regarding Counties was to rename Branciforte County to Santa Cruz, Colusi to Colusa, and Yola to Yolo.
The last California county to have been established is Imperial County in 1907.
Shasta County, California
Shasta County History, Geography, and Demographics
Etymology - Origin of County Name
This county was named after Mount Shasta. the name Shasta is derived from the English equivalent for the name of an Indian tribe that once lived in the area. The name of the tribe was spelled in various ways until the present version was used when the county was established.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Shasta County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county's territory were given to Siskiyou County in 1852, and to Tehama County in 1856.
Shasta County History
By Dottie Smith
Shasta County history begins with the Indians, the first inhabitants. When white men began arriving
in the early 1800's, five tribes were living here, each in their own territory. They were the Achomawi,
Atsugewi, Okwanuchu, Wintu and the Yana. The first white men seen by Indians were Russians who came from
the north moving southward through the Sacramento River Canyon in approximately 1815. The next white men
were Spanish soldiers who traveled here from the southern missions. Then came American, British, and
French trappers and explorers traveling into and through this area beginning in the late 1820s in large
parties of between 50 and 100 people, which included their wives and children. The Indians relationship
with the trappers was good, so good in fact, that trapper Michel LaFramboise supposedly married an
Indian woman in each tribe to solidify his good relations. Most of the trappers worked for the Hudson's
Bay Company whose headquarters was located at Fort Vancouver on the Colombia River in Oregon and were
sent here to trap mainly the beaver whose pelts brought top dollar and were used to make beaver hats,
the rage of the day.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,847 square miles (9,965 kmē),
of which, 3,785 square miles (9,804 kmē) of it is land and 62 square miles (161 kmē) of it (1.62%) is
water. Mountains line the county on the east, north and west. The Sacramento River flows out of the
mountains to the north, through the center of the county, and toward the Sacramento Valley to the south.
Cities and Towns:
Enter County Resources and Information Here
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"