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Florida Counties

There are sixty-seven counties in the state of Florida. In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today. Its last county was created in 1925 with the formation of Gilchrist County from a segment of Alachua County.

Madison County, Florida

Madison County Education, Geography, and HistoryMadison County, Florida Courthouse

Madison County is a county located in the state of Florida. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 19,224. Madison County was created on December 26, 1827 from Jefferson County.  The county seat is Madison, Florida. This county is named for James Madison (1751-1836), fourth President of the United States.

Etymology - Origin of Madison County Name

This county is named for James Madison (1751-1836), fourth President of the United States.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Madison County History

Madison County was created in 1827. The county is named for James Madison, fourth President of the United States of America, who served from 1809 to 1817.

Madison is a wet county as of August 28, 2012, meaning that the sale, possession, or distribution of alcoholic beverages is legal.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 716 square miles (1,854 km2), of which, 692 square miles (1,792 km2) of it is land and 24 square miles (62 km2) of it (3.35%) is water.

Madison county is located in north Florida. Madison County is made up of gently rolling hills. Madison County is bordered on three sides by rivers, the Aucilla River to the west, the Withlacoochee to the north, and the Suwannee River to the east.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Brooks County, Ga.
  • Northeast: Lowndes County, Ga.
  • East: Hamilton County
  • Southeast: Suwannee County; Lafayette County
  • Southwest: Taylor County
  • West: Jefferson County


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