There are sixty-seven counties in the state of Florida. In 1821, there were only two Counties in Florida: Escambia to the west and St. Johns to the
east. From these two Counties were formed 67 today. Its last county was created in 1925 with the formation of Gilchrist County from a segment of Alachua County.
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PolkCounty is a county located in the State of Florida. Based on the 2010 census, the
population was 602,095. Polk County was created
on February 8, 1861 from Brevard County and Hillsborough County. The
countyseat is Bartow, and
its largest city is Lakeland. This county is named for
James K. Polk (1795-1849), the 11th President of the United States.
Polk County comprises the Lakeland-Winter Haven Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Etymology - Origin of Polk County Name
This county is named for James
K. Polk (1795-1849), the 11th President of the United States.
Polk County became Florida's 39th county on February 8, 1861, when the State of Florida divided Hillsborough County
into eastern and western halves. The eastern half was named Polk, in honor of the 11th President of the United States,
James Knox Polk. Though not necessarily the reason for Polk County's name, Polk was sworn in as president on the day
after Florida's statehood (March 3, 1845).
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,010 square miles (5,206 km2), of which,
1,874 square miles (4,855 km2) of it is land and 136 square miles (351 km2) of it is water. The total area is 6.75%
Polk county is located close to the center of Florida. Seventeen
municipalities, ranging from a tiny village to a metropolitan city, are
located in Polk County, along with twenty-four unincorporated, populated
Bordering counties are as follows:
North: Lake County
Northeast: Orange County
East: Osceola County
Southeast: Okeechobee County; Highlands County
South: Hardee County
Southwest: Manatee County
West: Hillsborough County
Northwest: Pasco County; Sumter County
Polk County Public Schools serves the county.
Universities and colleges
Polk State College (Public, Previous name: Polk Community College)
Southeastern University (Private, affiliated with the Assemblies of God)
Florida Southern College (Private)
Florida Polytechnic University (Public)
Warner University (Private, affiliated with the Church of God (Anderson, Indiana))