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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into 159 counties. Under the Georgia Constitution, Counties are granted home rule to deal with issues that are local in nature. Four consolidated city-Counties — Athens (Clarke County), Augusta (Richmond County), Columbus (Muscogee County), and Cusseta (Chattahoochee County) — exist.

Georgia has the second-highest number of Counties of any state in the United States, behind Texas (254). A few Georgia Counties have changed names over time. Jasper County was originally known as Randolph County. Later, the current Randolph County came into being. Webster County was once known as Kinchafoonee County, and Bartow County was formerly known as Cass County.
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Barrow County, Georgia

Barrow County Education, Geography, and HistoryBarrow County, Georgia Courthouse

Barrow County is a county located in the state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 69,367. The county seat is Winder.

Barrow County is included in the Atlanta-Sandy Springs-Roswell, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Barrow County Name

The new county was named for David Crenshaw "Uncle Dave" Barrow, long-time chancellor of the University of Georgia.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Barrow County History

Barrow was created in 1914 as a way of settling a dispute among the citizens of the City of Winder, which at the time was located at the juncture of three counties. A new county was created from parts of Gwinnett, Jackson, and Walton counties, with Winder designated as the county seat. The new county was named for David Crenshaw "Uncle Dave" Barrow, long-time chancellor of the University of Georgia.

Winder was incorporated in 1893 when the Seaboard Air Line Railroad was built through the town. It was named after the president of the railroad, John H. Winder of North Carolina. Before being incorporated as Winder, the town was called Brandon. Prior to that, it had been known as Jug Tavern.

The city of Russell in the county was one of 187 inactive municipalities to lose their charters in 1995 as a result of a 1993 Act of the General Assembly.

Points of Interest

Fort Yargo State Park is located in the county. The park includes the old Fort Yargo, a log fort constructed in 1792 for protection from the Creek and Cherokee Indians.

Notable Citizens

Richard B. Russell, Jr., who served as governor of Georgia and as US Senator from 1933 to 1971, was from Barrow County. His father, Richard Russell, Sr., was Chief Justice of the Georgia Supreme Court from 1922-1938 and swore in his son as governor.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 163 square miles (420 km2), of which 160 square miles (410 km2) is land and 2.6 square miles (6.7 km2) (1.6%) is water. Barrow is in the Oconee River basin.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Jackson County
  • East: Clarke County
  • Southeast: Oconee County
  • South: Walton County
  • West: Gwinnett County
  • Northwest: Hall County


Public schools are part of the Barrow County School District and include Winder-Barrow High School. The district consists of eight elementary schools, four middle schools, and two high schools. The district has 610 full-time teachers and over 9,362 students.

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