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Georgia Counties
Georgia County map
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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into one hundred and fifty-nine counties. The original eight counties of the State of Georgia were Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glynn, Liberty, Richmond and Wilkes all created on February 5, 1777. The last new county to be established in Georgia was Peach County, established in 1924.

Irwin County, Georgia

Irwin County Education, Geography, and HistoryIrwin County, Georgia Courthouse

Irwin County is a county located in the state of Georgia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 9,538. The county was created on December 15, 1818. The county seat is Ocilla.  Irwin county is named for Governor Jared Irwin.

Etymology - Origin of Irwin County Name

Irwin County was named for Governor Jared Irwin, a North Carolina native. Irwin was famous for his opposition to the Yazoo Law of 1795, by which the state of Georgia sold a vast tract of land at one and a half cents per acre to several companies, including one owned in part by a US Senator. Irwin rescinded the law in 1796 during his term as governor.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Irwin County History

Irwin County, the 45th county created, retains only a small portion of the territory given to it when it was formed from Creek Indian lands in 1818. It once encompassed all of south central Georgia, but now contains the upper reaches of the Alapaha, Willacoochee and Satilla rivers.

Irwin County was named for Governor Jared Irwin, a North Carolina native. Irwin was famous for his opposition to the Yazoo Law of 1795, by which the state of Georgia sold a vast tract of land at one and a half cents per acre to several companies, including one owned in part by a US Senator. Irwin rescinded the law in 1796 during his term as governor.

During the Civil War, Irwinville to the northeast of Ocilla was the county seat, and the location where Union soldiers captured Jefferson Davis. The site is now the Jefferson Davis Park and Museum.

Ocilla is a version of an old Indian name, Osceola. The county's first courthouse was constructed in 1848-1849, and the one currently in use was built in 1905.

Points of Interest

There are two entries on the National Register from Irwin County: the Irwin County Courthouse and the Jefferson Davis Capture Site.

There are several endangered species found in the county, including the Florida Panther, the Peregrine Falcon and the Southern Bald Eagle.

Notable Citizens

Dave Prater of the soul group, Sam and Dave, was from Ocilla. This soul duo was responsible for hits like "You Don't Know" Like I Know" during the 1960s.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 363 square miles (940 km2), of which 354 square miles (920 km2) is land and 8.4 square miles (22 km2) (2.3%) is water.

 Irwin county is located in south Georgia. The county is in the Suwannee River basin and the Satilla River basin

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Ben Hill County
  • East: Coffee County
  • South: Berrien County
  • Southwest: Tift County
  • Northwest: Turner County

Education

Georgia Colleges, Universities, & Schools
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County Resources
US Counties
Names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"
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