There are forty-four Counties in Idaho. When Idaho became a territory in March, 1863, there were four Counties in existence: Boise, Idaho, Nez Perce and
Shoshone. By the time Idaho became a state, there were 15 counties. The rest of the 44 Counties came into existence during the 30 years after Idaho became a state. Two of the former counties disappeared
during this time. Alturas, which was created in 1864, was later divided into the many counties now found in
central Idaho. Logan County was only in existence for six years, from 1889 to 1895. It was combined with Alturas
to form Blaine County and Lincoln County, which was formed just two weeks after Logan lost its identity.
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Clearwater County Education, Geography, and History
ClearwaterCounty is a county located in the state of Idaho. Based on the 2010 census, the
population was 8,761. Clearwater county was
created in 1911. The countyseat is
Orofino. The county is named after the Clearwater River.
Etymology - Origin of Clearwater County Name
Clearwater County is named for the Clearwater River, which flows into the Snake River at Lewiston.
Established in February 27, 1911 with its county seat at Orofino. Named for the Clearwater River whose name was
translated from the Nez Perce term Koos-Koos-Kai-Kai, describing clear water. In September, 1805, Lewis and Clark
followed an old Indian trail between the north and middle forks of the Clearwater River and met the Nez Perce near the
present site of Weippe. Gold was first discovered by E. D. Perce in 1860 and Pierce City, the oldest mining town in
Idaho came into existence.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,488 square miles (6,440 km2), of which 2,457 square miles (6,360 km2)
is land and 31 square miles (80 km2) (1.2%) is water.
Clearwater county is located in north Idaho. The county is part of the Palouse, a wide and rolling prairie-like region of the middle Columbia
Bordering counties are as follows:
North: Shoshone County
Northeast: Mineral County, Mont.; Missoula County, Mont.