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Illinois Counties
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Illinois Counties

There are one hundred and two counties in Illinois. St. Clair County was the first county established in what is today Illinois. Most counties in Illinois were named after early American leaders, especially of the American Revolutionary War, as well as soldiers from the Battle of Tippecanoe and the War of 1812.

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Bond County, Illinois

Bond County Education, Geography, and HistoryBond County, Illinois Courthouse

Bond County is a county located in the state of Illinois. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 17,768. Bond County was created on January 4, 1817. The county seat is Greenville. This county is named for Shadrach Bond (1773-1832), First Governor of Illinois.

Bond County is included in the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of County Name

The county is named for Shadrach Bond, who was a delegate from the Illinois Territory to the United States Congress, and became the first governor of Illinois, serving from 1818 to 1822.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Bond County History

Bond County was created on January 4, 1817 (Territorial Laws, 1816/17, p. 28) and was formed from Madison County. Present area, or parts of it, formerly included in Madison (1812-1817) and St. Clair (1790-1812). The County was named for Shadrach Bond, the first Governor of the State of Illinois. Bond served as Governor from October 6, 1818 to December 5, 1822. The county received its name the year before Bond was elected Governor.

A small county lying northeast from St. Louis, having an area of 380 square miles and a population (1900) of 16,078. The first American settlers located here in 1807, coming from the South, and building Hill's and Jones's forts for protection from the Indians. Settlement was slow, in 1816 there being scarcely 25 log cabins in the county. The county-seat is Greenville.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 383 square miles (991 km2), of which 380 square miles (985 km2) is land and 2 square miles (6 km2) (0.64%) is water.

Bond county is located in south Illinois.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Montgomery County
  • Northeast: Fayette County
  • South: Clinton County
  • West: Madison County


  • Bond County Community Unit School District 2
  • Carlyle Community Unit School District 1
  • Highland Community Unit School District 5
  • Hillsboro Community Unit School District 3
  • Mulberry Grove Community Unit School District 1
  • Vandalia Community Unit School District 203
  • Greenville College
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