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Bond County is a county located in the state of Illinois. Based on the 2010 census, the
population was 17,768. Bond County was created
on January 4, 1817. The county seat is
Greenville. This county is named for Shadrach Bond
(1773-1832), First Governor of Illinois.
Bond County is included in the St. Louis, MO-IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The county is named for Shadrach Bond, who was a delegate from the Illinois Territory to the United States Congress, and became the first governor of Illinois, serving from 1818 to 1822.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Bond County was created on January 4, 1817 (Territorial Laws, 1816/17, p. 28) and was formed from Madison County. Present area, or parts of it, formerly included in Madison (1812-1817) and St. Clair (1790-1812). The County was named for Shadrach Bond, the first Governor of the State of Illinois. Bond served as Governor from October 6, 1818 to December 5, 1822. The county received its name the year before Bond was elected Governor.
A small county lying northeast from St. Louis, having an area of 380 square miles and a population (1900) of
16,078. The first American settlers located here in 1807, coming from the South, and building Hill's and Jones's
forts for protection from the Indians. Settlement was slow, in 1816 there being scarcely 25 log cabins in the
county. The county-seat is Greenville.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 383 square miles (991 km2), of which 380 square miles (985 km2) is land and 2 square miles (6 km2) (0.64%) is water.
Bond county is located in south Illinois.
Bordering counties are as follows: