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Illinois Counties
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Illinois Counties

There are one hundred and two counties in Illinois. St. Clair County was the first county established in what is today Illinois. Most counties in Illinois were named after early American leaders, especially of the American Revolutionary War, as well as soldiers from the Battle of Tippecanoe and the War of 1812.

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White County, Illinois

White County Education, Geography, and History

White County, Illinois CourthouseWhite County is a county located in the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 14,665. White County was created on December 9, 1815.  The county seat is Carmi. The county is named for Isaac White (1776-1811), resident of Illinois who enlisted in the Indiana militia and was killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe or possibly Leonard White, pioneer of Gallatin County.

Etymology - Origin of White County Name

 The county is named for Isaac White (1776-1811), resident of Illinois who enlisted in the Indiana militia and was killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe or possibly Leonard White, pioneer of Gallatin County.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

WhiteCounty History

White County was created on December 9, 1815 (Territorial Laws, 1815-1816, p. 5) and was formed from Madison County. Present area, or parts of it, formerly included in: Gallatin County (1812-1815), Randolph County (1801-1812), St. Clair County (1803-1809) and Knox, Northwest Territory (1790-1809).

The county is named for Isaac White (1776-1811), resident of Illinois who enlisted in the Indiana militia and was killed at the Battle of Tippecanoe or possibly Leonard White, pioneer of Gallatin County, Major of the Territorial militia, member of the Constitutional Convention of 1818, State Senator in the second and third General Assemblies. The county seat is Carmi. It is located in the southern portion of Illinois known locally as "Little Egypt".

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 502 square miles (1,299 km2), of which, 495 square miles (1,282 km2) of it is land and 7 square miles (18 km2) of it (1.36%) is water.

White county is located in south Illinois.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Edwards County; Gibson County, Ind.
  • Southeast: Posey County, Ind.
  • South: Gallatin County
  • Southwest: Saline County
  • West: Hamilton County
  • Northwest: Wayne County

Education

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