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Indiana Counties
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Indiana Counties

Indiana is divided into ninety-two counties. The oldest and newest Counties in Indiana are Knox County (created 1790) and Newton County (created 1857).Many Indiana counties are named for the US Founding Fathers and personalities of the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and Battle of Tippecanoe; early leaders of Indiana Territory and Indiana, as well as surrounding states like Michigan and Kentucky; plus Native American tribes and geographical features.

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Orange County, Indiana

Orange County Education, Geography, and HistoryOrange County, Indiana Courthouse

Orange County is located in southern Indiana in the United States. As of 2010, its population was 19,840. Orange County was created on February 1, 1816. The county seat is Paoli.  The county is named for Orange County, North Carolina, in turn named for the Dutch Protestant House of Orange.

Etymology - Origin of Orange County Name

The county is named for Orange County, North Carolina, where many of it's early settlers originated.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Orange County History

Orange County was formed from parts of Knox, Gibson and Washington Counties formally organized effective February 1, 1816. The County Seat is at Paoli.

The early settlers were mostly Quakers fleeing the institution of slavery in Orange County, North Carolina. Jonathan Lindley brought his group of Quakers from North Carolina to the area in 1811. Under Lindley's leadership, they were the first to build a religious structure, the Lick Creek Meeting House in 1813. It was from this group that Orange County got its name.

(See List of Indiana county name etymologies). The name Orange derives from the Dutch Protestant House of Orange, which acquired the English throne with the accession of King William III in 1689, following the Glorious Revolution.

In the early 1800s when the Quakers came from North Carolina to settle in Orange County, Indiana, they came to escape slavery. They brought with them a number of freed slaves. These free men were deeded 200 acres (0.81 km2) of land in the heart of a dense forest. Word of mouth soon spread the news, and this land became part of the "underground railroad" for runaway slaves.

For many years, the freed slaves in this area farmed, traded, and sold their labor to others while living in this settlement. A church was built and a cemetery was provided for their loved ones.

All that remains today is the cemetery. Some of the stones were broken or vandalized over the years. Several years ago, a troop of Boy Scouts came in and restored the cemetery, replacing the lost or broken stones with wooden crosses designating a grave. The name of "Little Africa" came about because of the black settlement, but "Paddy's Garden" was the name those early residents called it.

Orange County is divided into 10 Civil Townships as follows: French Lick, Greenfield, Jackson, Northeast, Northwest, Orangeville, Orleans, Paoli, Southeast and Stampers Creek.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 408 square miles (1,057 km2), of which 400 square miles (1,035 km2) is land and 9 square miles (22 km2) (2.13%) is water.

Orange county is located in south Indiana.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Lawrence County
  • East: Washington County
  • South: Crawford County
  • Southwest: Dubois County
  • Northwest: Martin County


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