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Chariton County is a county located in the North Central portion of the state of Missouri. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 7,831. Its county seat is Keytesville. The county was organized November 16, 1820, from part of Howard County and is named for the Chariton River.
Several origins of the name of the Chariton River have been suggested. The most plausible suggestion connects the name of the river with Joseph Chorette, a French fur trader of St. Louis. Trudeau, in his Journal of 1795, mentions Chorette as accompanying him on his expedition up the Missouri River and as being drowned on July 10 of that year while swimming in the river. The family name has the variants Choret, Care and Carrette in old documents.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Chariton County was organized on November 16, 1820. At the time of the organization of Chariton County, all the territory now embraced in the counties of Linn, Sullivan, Putnam and a part of Adair and Schuyler, were part of its boundaries. The county seat was established at the town of Chariton situated in the southern part of the county near the mouth of the two rivers by the same name, which stream was called after some French fur traders, who had a fur agency at this point. Just when they made the settlement is unknown, but it is certain they were here as early as 1804. The county was named for the town of Chariton which was laid out in 1817 and located near the mouth of the river of the same name. (Eaton, p. 274; HIST. HOWARD & CHARITON, pp. 405-5; Smith & Gehrig, pp. 209-11; RECORD OF CHARITON, Part I, p. 13, Part II, p. 3)
Source: Adams, Orvyl Guy. "Place Names In The North Central Counties Of Missouri." M.A. thesis., University of Missouri-Columbia, 1928.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 767 square miles (1,990 km2), of which 751 square miles (1,950 km2) is
land and 16 square miles (41 km2) (2.0%) is water.
Bordering counties are as follows:
Brunswick R-II School District - Brunswick
Keytesville R-III School District - Keytesville
Northwestern R-I School District - Mendon
Salisbury R-IV School District - Salisbury
St. Joseph School Salisbury (K-09) Roman Catholic