There is thirty-three counties in the state of New Mexico. There were originally nine counties
formed in 1852. Santa Ana County, New Mexico Territory, one of the nine original counties, was annexed in 1876
to Bernalillo County, New Mexico.
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Lea County was created 7 March 1917.
It was created from Chaves and Eddy Counties and named for Captain Joseph
Calloway Lea. Lovington is the county seat and the center of a valuable oil
industry which has provided many jobs since 1921. Ranching, agriculture, and
dairy production are major enterprises which are thriving. The area supports two
colleges to serve its ever friendly and diverse citizens.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,394 square miles (11,380 km2), of which 4,391 square miles (11,370
km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (0.07%) is water. Lea County is located in the southeast corner of New Mexico and borders Texas to
the south and east