There is thirty-three counties in the state of New Mexico. There were originally nine counties
formed in 1852. Santa Ana County, New Mexico Territory, one of the nine original counties, was annexed in 1876
to Bernalillo County, New Mexico.
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Otero County was created 30 January
1899. It was named for Miguel A. Otero who was the Territorial Representative to
Congress 1856 to 1861. Alamogordo is the county seat. Alamo' is the center of
missile testing , spy planes development, White Sands National Monument, and
tourism. The Cloudcroft Apache Reservation is nearby. Otero County offers
residents clear skies, clean air, varied surroundings from low plains to
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 6,628 square miles (17,170 km2), of which 6,613 square miles (17,130
km2) is land and 14 square miles (36 km2) (0.2%) is water. It is the third-largest county in New Mexico by area.