North Carolina is divided into one hundred counties. The establishment of North Carolina counties stretches over 240 years, beginning in 1668 with the creation of Albemarle County and ending with the 1911 creation of Avery and Hoke counties. Five counties have been divided or abolished altogether, the last being Dobbs County in 1791.
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Halifax was formed in 1758 from Edgecombe. The act was to become effective in January 1759. It was named in honor of George Montague, Second Earl of Halifax. It is in the northeastern section of the State and is bounded by Bertie, Martin, Edgecombe, Nash,
Warren and Northampton counties. The present land area is 725.36 square miles and the 2000 population was 57,370. The first court was held at Enfield. Halifax was made the county seat by an act passed in 1758.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 731 square miles (1,890 km2), of which 724 square miles (1,880 km2) is
land and 7.1 square miles (18 km2) (1.0%) is water.