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Oregon Counties

There are thyirty-six counties in the state of Oregon. The Oregon Constitution does not explicitly provide for county seats.

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Lincoln County, Oregon

Lincoln County Education, Geography, and HistoryLincoln County, Oregon Courthouse

Lincoln County is a county located in the state of Oregon. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 46,034. The county seat is Newport. The county is named for Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States.

Lincoln County comprises the Newport, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Lincoln County Name

The county was named in honor of President Abraham Lincoln.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Lincoln County History

Lincoln County was created by the Legislative Assembly on February 20, 1893, from the western portion of Benton County and Polk County. There were boundary adjustments and annexations in 1923, 1925, 1927, 1931, and 1949. The county is bordered by Tillamook County on the north, Polk and Benton Counties on the east, Lane County on the south, and the Pacific Ocean on the west. It covers an area of 992 square miles. The county was named in honor of President Abraham Lincoln.

When Lincoln County was formed, Toledo was picked as the temporary county seat. In 1896 it was chosen as the permanent county seat. In 1897 there was agitation to build a county courthouse and with the growing demand a courthouse was finally built in 1899. The city jail of Toledo was also made the official county jail in that same year. In 1913 a new county jail was built. Three elections were held to determine if the county seat should be moved from Toledo to Newport. Twice these votes failed in 1928 and 1938. In 1954, however, the vote went in Newport's favor. While Toledo has remained the industrial hub of Lincoln County, the city has never regained the position it once had.

Lincoln County was governed by a commissioner's court, which consisted of two commissioners and a county judge. The court started meeting in April 1893, in a rented building in Toledo. Appointed officials were the sheriff, stock inspector, school superintendent, coroner, county court judge, treasurer, veterinarian, and clerk. The county court was replaced by a three member board of commissioners in the late 1960s.

The 1900 census measured Lincoln County's population at 3,575. By 2000, it had grown to 44,479 representing an increase of 14.37% over 1990.

The northern part of Lincoln County includes the Siletz Indian Reservation which was created by treaty in 1855. The reservation was opened to white settlement in 1895 and closed to white settlement by the federal government in 1925. The Siletz's tribal status was terminated by the federal government in 1954. In 1977 the Siletz became the first Oregon tribe to have their tribal status reinstated. The current reservation totals 3,666 acres.

The Coast Highway, completed in 1925, and the Salmon River Highway completed in 1930, improved inland transportation within the county. In 1936 as part of federally funded construction projects, bridges were constructed across the bays at Waldport, Newport, and Siletz thus eliminating the ferries that had formerly traversed these bays. A 1910 election created the ports of Toledo, Newport, and Alsea.

Principal industries of the county are lumber, fishing, agriculture and tourism. Newport is Oregon's oceanography research center with Oregon State University's Marine Science Center, the Oregon Coast Aquarium, and its fleet of ocean-going vessels.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,194 square miles (3,090 km2), of which 980 square miles (2,500 km2) is land and 214 square miles (550 km2) (18%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Tillamook County (north)
  • Polk County (east)
  • Benton County (east)
  • Lane County (south)


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