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Erie County is a county located in the state of Pennsylvania. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 280,566. Its county seat is Erie.
The county was created in 1800 and later organized in 1803.
Erie County comprises the Erie, PA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Named for Lake Erie, which in turn had been named for the Indians of the same name.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Created on March 12, 1800, from part
of Allegheny County and named for Lake Erie, which in turn had been named for
the Indians of the same name. It was attached to Crawford County until 1803.
Erie, the county seat, was so named because it was a port on Lake Erie. Laid out
in 1795, it was incorporated as a borough on May 29, 1805 and as a city on April
14, 1851. The county adopted a home rule charter in November 1976.
Pennsylvania purchased this territory from the United States government in 1792. The city of Erie began to grow during the War of 1812. It was the point from which Commodore Perry's fleet sailed to fight the Battle of Lake Erie in 1813. Abundant running water led to the development of many sawmills and gristmills. There was a brief oil boom in the 1860s, and in the middle of the century Erie was the freshwater fishing capital of America. The Erie Extension Canal was opened in 1844, and railroads were introduced in 1864. As a Great Lakes port, Erie has declined since 1900. Once important for manufacturing such items as General Electric's locomotives and Hammermill Paper, Erie still turns out electrical products. Grapes grow well along the lakeshore; a significant wine making industry developed. Erie ranks fifth among the counties in value of crops and tenth in value of livestock product sales. Farms cover 36 percent of the landed area.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,558 square miles (4,036 km2), of which, 802
square miles (2,077 km2) of it is land and 756 square miles (1,959 km2) of it (48.54%) is water. There are only two
cities in Erie County; the City of Erie and the City of Corry.
Bordering counties are as follows:
Corry Area School District
Erie City School District
Fairview School District
Fort LeBoeuf School District
General McLane School District
Girard School District
Harbor Creek School District
Iroquois School District
Millcreek Township School District
North East School District
Northwestern School District
Union City Area School District
Wattsburg Area School District