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Cherokee County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 55,342. The county seat is
Gaffney. The county was formed in 1897 from parts of York, Union, and Spartanburg Counties. It was named for the Cherokee people who
historically occupied this area prior to European encounter.
Cherokee County comprises the Gaffney, SC Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Greenville-Spartanburg-Anderson, SC Combined Statistical Area.
Cherokee is named after the Cherokee Native American people.
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Cherokee County was named for the Cherokee Indians who once made it their home. It was formed in 1897 from parts of Spartanburg, Union, and York counties, and the county seat is Gaffney. During the Revolutionary War at the battle of Cowpens, an important victory for the revolutionary forces, took place there on January 17, 1781. Iron mining was an important activity in this region up to the time of the Civil War, and it is sometimes called the Old Iron District. In the mid-nineteenth century, the resort at Limestone Springs was a popular retreat for lowcountry planters. Writer Wilbur Joseph Cash (1901-1941) was a native of Cherokee County, as is actress Andie MacDowell.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 397 square miles (1,029 km2), of which, 393
square miles (1,017 km2) of it is land and 5 square miles (12 km2) of it (1.16%) is water.
Bordering counties are as follows: