South Carolina is made up of fourty-six counties. They range in size from 392 square miles (1,016
square kilometers) in the case of Calhoun County to 1,358 square miles (3,517 square kilometers) in the case of
Charleston County. The least populous county is McCormick County, with only 9,958 residents, while the most
populous county is Greenville County, with a population of 395,357, despite the state's most populous city,
Columbia, being located in Richland County.
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Saluda County is a county located in the state of South Carolina. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 19,875. Its county seat is
Saluda. The county was formed from northern and eastern portions of Edgefield County.
Saluda County is part of the Augusta-Richmond County, GA-SC Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Etymology - Origin of Saluda County Name
Saluda is named for the Saluda River, which, in turn, was named for a Native American tribe.
Saluda County was named for the Saluda River, which forms one of its borders. The county was established in 1895 from
part of Edgefield County. The Cherokee Indians lived in this area for many years. In 1755 they signed a treaty with the
British at their settlement, known as Saluda Old Town. Scotch-Irish and English settlers subsequently began moving into
the area, while the Cherokees moved farther to the north. Two famous heroes of the Alamo, William Barrett Travis
(1809-1836) and James Butler Bonham (1807-1836) were natives of what is now Saluda County.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 462 square miles (1,196 km2), of which, 452
square miles (1,172 km2) of it is land and 9 square miles (24 km2) of it (2.01%) is water.