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Crane County is a county located in the state of Texas. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 4,375. The county seat is Crane. The county was created in 1887 and later organized in 1927. It was named for William Carey Crane, a president of Southern Baptist affiliated Baylor University in Waco, Texas.
William Carey Crane, a past president of Baylor University
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Crane County is located in the US state of Texas. It is named for William Carey Crane, a president of Baylor University. The seat of the county is Crane
Handbook of Texas Online
Crane County was formed in 1887 from land previously assigned to Tom Green County the same year, but for many years the area's scant rainfall deterred settlement. In 1890 only fifteen people lived in Crane County; as late as 1900 the United States census enumerated only fifty-one people and twelve ranches in the county. Almost 17,650 cattle and 3,750 sheep were counted that year.
Crane County was attached to Ector County for administrative purposes until 1927, but with (according to one estimate) 6,000 oil boomers in the area by that time, the county was ready for organization. The town of Crane, bustling with as many as 4,500 fortune-seekers, was designated as the county seat, and citizens organized to build a courthouse. Water was a scarce commodity. People paid a dollar a barrel for water brought from a well seven miles east of town, or, if prosperous, paid $2.25 a barrel for better water from Alpine. Water was too precious then for any use but cooking or home-made whiskey; women sent their laundry to El Paso. According to the census 2,221 people were living in Crane County in 1930. More at
John Leffler, "CRANE COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcc25), accessed January 23, 2016. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 786 square miles (2,035 km2), virtually all of which is land.
Bordering counties are as follows: