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Crosby County is a county located in the state of Texas. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 6,059. The county seat is Crosbyton.
The county was founded in 1876 and later organized in 1886. Both the county and its seat are named for Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner in
Crosby County, along with Lubbock County, and Lynn County, is part of the Lubbock Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). The Lubbock MSA and Levelland Micropolitan Statistical Area , encompassing only Hockley County, form the larger Lubbock-Levelland Combined Statistical Area (CSA).
Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Crosby County is a county located in the US state of Texas. The seat of the county is Crosbyton. The county and its seat are both named for Stephen Crosby, a land commissioner in Texas.
Handbook of Texas Online
The Quaker colony flourished for a while as a cultural and economic center and attracted merchants and settlers; in 1882 the colony established one of the first schools on the high plains. Crosby County was formally organized after elections held in 1886, with Estacado (the new name of the town formerly called Marietta) designated as the county seat. Open-range grazing continued until the mid-1880s, when barbed wire was introduced and small ranchers and farmers began competing for the land. By 1890 the population of the county was 345. As more settlers moved in to establish farms and ranches, the influence of the Quakers declined and the religious orientation of the community was lost. In 1891 Emma became the seat of government. Until the early twentieth century, the county remained dominated by such large ranches as the St. Louis Cattle Company, the Two-Buckle Ranch, the C. B. Livestock Company (founded in 1901) and smaller spreads. Thanks to plentiful grass and sufficient water holes, and despite the lack of rail transportation in early days, the beef-cattle industry thrived. In 1900, 30,618 cattle were counted in Crosby County, and in 1910 holdings were about the same. More at
John Leffler, "CROSBY COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcc27), accessed January 23, 2016. Uploaded on June 12, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 902 square miles (2,335 km2), of which, 900
square miles (2,330 km2) of it is land and 2 square miles (5 km2) of it (0.24%) is water.
Bordering counties are as follows: