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Madison County is a county located in the state of Texas. Based on the 2010 census, its population was 13,664. Its seat is Madisonville. The county was created in 1853 and organized the next year. It is named for James Madison, the fourth president of the United States
James Madison, the fourth president of the United States
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
Madison County is a county located in the US state of Texas. Its seat is Madisonville, and it is named for James Madison, the fourth president of the United States
The current Madison County Courthouse was built in 1970. It is at least the fifth courthouse to serve Madison County
Handbook of Texas Online
The judicial Madison County was formed on February 2, 1842, from Montgomery County. (Judicial counties were later declared unconstitutional because they had no legislative representation.) Because residents of the northern parts of Walker and Grimes counties lived forty to fifty miles from their county seats, they petitioned the legislature for the establishment of a new county. The formation of Madison County from Grimes, Walker, and Leon counties was approved on January 27, 1853, and organization followed on August 7, 1854. Kittrell was instrumental in this effort, and became the county's first representative in the legislature. He selected the site for the county seat, which was preferred because of its central location; he named the county and its seat for the nation's fourth president, James Madison. Dr. Kittrell was also Sam Houston's physician and was in attendance at the general's death. More at
Ann E. Hodges, "MADISON COUNTY," Handbook of Texas Online (http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hcm01), accessed January 24, 2016. Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 472 square miles (1,224 km2), of which, 470
square miles (1,216 km2) of it is land and 2 square miles (8 km2) of it (0.59%) is water.
The county has three natural borders: its eastern boundary is defined by the Trinity River, its western boundary is defined by the Navasota River, and it's the portion of its southern border adjacent to Walker County is defined by Bedias Creek.
Bordering counties are as follows: