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Vermont Counties
Vermont Coiunty map
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Vermont Counties

There are fourteen counties in Vermont. Each county has a county seat, known in Vermont as shire town. In 1777, Vermont had two counties. The western side of the state was called Bennington County and the eastern was called Cumberland County. In 1781 Cumberland County was broken up into three counties in Vermont, plus Washington County, which eventually became part of New Hampshire. Today's Washington County was known as Jefferson County until 1814. Essex County, Orleans County, and Caledonia County are commonly referred to as the Northeast Kingdom.

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Vermont Counties: History and Information

Find a brief history of Vermont CountiesBrief history of Vermont Counties: Flags of Our Nation

The Vermont region was explored and claimed for France by Samuel de Champlain in 1609, and the first French settlement was established at Fort Ste. Anne in 1666. The first English settlers moved into the area in 1724 and built Fort Dummer on the site of present-day Brattleboro. England gained control of the area in 1763 after the French and Indian Wars.

First organized to drive settlers from New York out of Vermont, the Green Mountain Boys, led by Ethan Allen, won fame by capturing Fort Ticonderoga from the British on May 10, 1775, in the early days of the Revolutionary War. In 1777 Vermont adopted its first constitution, abolishing slavery and providing for universal male suffrage without property qualifications.

Vermont was officially adopted as the new republic's name on June 30, 1777.

There are fourteen counties in Vermont. Each county has a county seat, known in Vermont as shire town. In 1777, Vermont had two counties. The western side of the state was called Bennington County and the eastern was called Cumberland County. In 1781 Cumberland County was broken up into three counties in Vermont, plus Washington County, which eventually became part of New Hampshire. Today's Washington County was known as Jefferson County until 1814. Essex County, Orleans County, and Caledonia County are commonly referred to as the Northeast Kingdom.

Find a brief history of Vermont Counties
County 2000
Population
Square
Miles
County Seat Created
Addison County 35,974 770 Middlebury 1785
Bennington County 36,994 676 Bennington 1779
Caledonia County 29,702 651 Saint Johnsbury 1792
Chittenden County 146,571 539 Burlington 1787
Essex County 6,459 665 Guildhall 1792
Franklin County 45,417 637 Saint Albans 1792
Grand Isle County 6,901 83 North Hero 1802
Lamoille County 23,233 461 Hyde Park 1835
Orange County 28,226 689 Chelsea 1781
Orleans County 26,277 697 Newport 1792
Rutland County 63,400 932 Rutland 1781
Washington County 58,039 690 Montpelier 1810
Windham County 44,216 789 Newfane 1779
Windsor County 57,418 971 Woodstock 1781
County Resources
US Counties
Names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"
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