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Wisconsin Counties
Wisconsin County map
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Wisconsin Counties

There are seventy-two counties in the state of Wisconsin. Wisconsin became part of the Territory of Michigan and divided into two counties: Brown County in the northeast along Lake Michigan and Crawford County in the southwest along the Mississippi River. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848, with 28 counties.

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Wisconsin Counties: History and Information

Find a brief history of Wisconsin CountiesBrief history of Wisconsin Counties: Flags of Our Nation

Wisconsin is one of the fifty United States of America, located in the north central part of the United States. It borders two of the five Great Lakes and four US states (Illinois, Iowa, Michigan and Minnesota). Wisconsin's capital is Madison, and its largest city is Milwaukee.

In 1634, the Frenchman Jean Nicolet was the first person to explore Wisconsin. He founded the Green Bay colony. During the next 150 years, the area was settled primarily by French fur traders. France then transferred the territory to Britain in 1763. The United States acquired the Wisconsin territory after the Revolution in 1783 but it remained under British administration until the War of 1812. The nineteenth century saw settlement by Yankees, Cornish miners, and German, Scandinavian and Swiss settlers.

Wisconsin, bordered by the states of Iowa, Minnesota, Michigan and Illinois, as well as Lakes Michigan and Superior, has been part of United States' territory since the end of the American Revolution; the Wisconsin Territory (which included parts of other current states) was formed on July 3, 1836. Wisconsin ratified its constitution on March 13, 1848, and was admitted to the Union on May 29, 1848, as the 30th state. There are 72 Counties in Wisconsin

A border dispute with Michigan was settled by two cases, both Wisconsin v. Michigan, in 1934 and 1935.

Find a brief history of Wisconsin Counties
County 2000
Population
Square
Miles
County Seat Created
Adams County 18,643 648 Friendship 1848
Ashland County 16,866 1,044 Ashland 1860
Barron County 44,963 863 Barron 1859
Bayfield County 15,013 1,476 Washburn 1845
Brown County 226,778 529 Green Bay
Buffalo County 13,804 684 Alma 1853
Burnett County 15,674 822 Siren 1856
Calumet County 40,631 320 Chilton 1836
Chippewa County 55,195 1,010 Chippewa Falls 1845
Clark County 33,557 1,216 Neillsville 1853
Columbia County 52,468 774 Portage 1846
Crawford County 17,243 573 Prairie Du Chien
Dane County 426,526 1,202 Madison 1836
Dodge County 85,897 882 Juneau 1836
Door County 27,961 483 Sturgeon Bay 1851
Douglas County 43,287 1,309 Superior 1854
Dunn County 39,858 852 Menomonie 1854
Eau Claire County 93,142 638 Eau Claire 1856
Florence County 5,088 488 Florence 1882
Fond du Lac County 97,296 723 Fond Du Lac 1836
Forest County 10,024 1,014 Crandon 1885
Grant County 49,597 1,148 Lancaster 1836
Green County 33,647 584 Monroe 1836
Green Lake County 19,105 354 Green Lake 1858
Iowa County 22,780 763 Dodgeville 1829
Iron County 6,861 757 Hurley 1893
Jackson County 19,100 987 Black River Falls 1853
Jefferson County 74,021 557 Jefferson 1836
Juneau County 24,316 768 Mauston 1856
Kenosha County 149,577 273 Kenosha 1850
Kewaunee County 20,187 343 Kewaunee 1852
La Crosse County 107,120 453 La Crosse 1851
Lafayette County 16,137 634 Darlington 1846
Langlade County 20,740 873 Antigo 1879
Lincoln County 29,641 883 Merrill 1874
Manitowoc County 82,887 592 Manitowoc 1836
Marathon County 125,834 1,545 Wausau 1850
Marinette County 43,384 1,402 Marinette 1879
Marquette County 15,832 456 Montello 1836
Menominee County 4,562 358 Keshena 1961
Milwaukee County 940,164 242 Milwaukee 1835
Monroe County 40,899 901 Sparta 1854
Oconto County 35,634 998 Oconto 1851
Oneida County 36,776 1,125 Rhinelander 1885
Outagamie County 160,971 640 Appleton 1851
Ozaukee County 82,317 232 Port Washington 1853
Pepin County 7,213 232 Durand 1858
Pierce County 36,804 576 Ellsworth 1853
Polk County 41,319 917 Balsam Lake 1853
Portage County 67,182 806 Stevens Point 1836
Price County 15,822 1,253 Phillips 1879
Racine County 188,831 333 Racine 1836
Richland County 17,924 586 Richland Center 1842
Rock County 152,307 720 Janesville 1836
Rusk County 15,347 913 Ladysmith 1901
Sauk County 55,225 838 Baraboo 1840
Sawyer County 16,196 1,256 Hayward 1883
Shawano County 40,664 893 Shawano 1853
Sheboygan County 112,646 514 Sheboygan 1836
St. Croix County 63,155 722 Hudson 1840
Taylor County 19,680 975 Medford 1875
Trempealeau County 27,010 734 Whitehall 1854
Vernon County 28,056 795 Viroqua 1851
Vilas County 21,033 873 Eagle River 1893
Walworth County 93,759 555 Elkhorn 1836
Washburn County 16,036 810 Shell Lake 1883
Washington County 117,493 431 West Bend 1836
Waukesha County 360,767 556 Waukesha 1846
Waupaca County 51,731 751 Waupaca 1851
Waushara County 23,154 626 Wautoma 1851
Winnebago County 156,763 439 Oshkosh 1840
Wood County 75,555 793 Wisconsin Rapids 1856

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US Counties
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