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Wisconsin Counties
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Wisconsin Counties

There are seventy-two counties in the state of Wisconsin. Wisconsin became part of the Territory of Michigan and divided into two counties: Brown County in the northeast along Lake Michigan and Crawford County in the southwest along the Mississippi River. The state of Wisconsin was created from Wisconsin Territory on May 29, 1848, with 28 counties.

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Marinette County, Wisconsin

Marinette County Education, Geography, and History

Marinette County, Wisconsin Courthouse

Marinette County is a county located in the state of Wisconsin. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 41,749. Its county seat is Marinette, which now includes the former independent village of Menekaunee as a neighborhood.

Marinette County is part of the Marinette, WI–MI Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Marinette County Name

Marinette was christened Marguerite Chevallier but later through some quirk came to be known by the then popular "nickname" of "Marinette," the diminutive for Marie Antoinette, Queen of France, whose tragic death at the time of the French Revolution, caused much excitement among the French settlers in this territory. The French and Indians on the river when pronouncing "Marie Antoinette" would shorten the name by pronouncing it "Marinette." Holding our Marguerite in high esteem they resorted to calling her "Queen Marinette," queen of their adopted country, thus the origin of the name. Marinette took it title from the village which was named for Marinette Chevalier (1793-1865), a French Chippewa metis, wife of John B. Jacobs, and later of William Farnsworth; the last-named settled on this site in 1822. There had previously been here a trading-post of the American Fur Company, and it continued as a trade center for many years, largely unded the direction of Marinette, who had much business ability. The town was platted by her son, John B. Jacobs. The name is an abbreviation of Marie Antoinette Marinette-contraction of Marie Antoinette, name of semi-civilized Indian chief.

[Source: Article on Queen Marinette by Fred C. Burke, in Marinette Eagle Star, Dec 7, 1946. Hist. No. Wis. p. 578 Milwaukee Journal, February 21st, 1932 Card file at the WHS Library reference desk]

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Marinette County History

Marinette County is ideally located in Northeast Wisconsin on the shores of Green Bay bordering the Upper Peninsula of Michigan.

In February 1851, Oconto County separated from Brown County, and held the distinction of being the largest county in Wisconsin until it was divided to half its original size by act of the Wisconsin Legislature, March 3, 1879, when Marinette County was formed. Marinette County is named after "Queen" Marinette, a 19th Century trading post owner who was the daughter of a Menominee princess and a French-Canadian trapper. Located in northeast Wisconsin, the county seat is Marinette.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,550 square miles (4,015 km2), of which, 1,402 square miles (3,631 km2) of it is land and 148 square miles (384 km2) of it (9.57%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Dickinson County, Michigan - north
  • Menominee County, Michigan - northeast
  • Oconto County, Wisconsin - southwest
  • Forest County, Wisconsin - west
  • Florence County, Wisconsin - northwest

Education

Wisconsin Colleges, Universities, & Schools
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