State Facts - History Firsts
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Facts - Maine History Firsts
Catch up on your state trivia with these Maine history firsts and interesting fun facts
about the state.
|44.33064 N, 069.72971 W
||March 15, 1820
|Number of Counties
||16 Counties in Maine
836 sq. mi.
- 1607 - An unsuccessful attempt at establishing a permanent English settlement
in the New World was at the location now known as Popham Beach. Sir George Popham led the
- 1607 - First ship build by English colonists in Americas was
launched on the Kennebec River.
- 1623 - First sawmill in the nation was established near York.
- 1641 - First chartered city in America was York.
- 1642 - First incorporated city in the nation's .
- 1775 - First naval battle of the Revolutionary War was fought
- 1807 - Henry Wadsworth Longfellow was considered the most influential poet of
his day. The writer was born in Portland, on February 2, 1807. His most popular works include
"The Courtship of Miles Standish", "Evangeline" and "Hiawatha".
- 1814 - Eastport is the only United States owned principality that has been under
rule by a foreign government. It was held from 1814 to 1818 by British troops under King
George following the conclusion of the War of 1812.
- 1820 - Maine was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state on March 15, 1820.
- 1832 - Portland was first temporarily selected as the state capital. In 1832
the capital was moved to the centrally located site of Augusta.
- 1840 - One of Maine's most important industries, cotton and woolen textiles,
emerged in the 1840s in towns along the Androscoggin and Kennebec rivers.
- 1844 - Fort Knox erected in 1844 is a state historic site originally built to
protect the Penobscot River Valley from British naval attack. The fort was constructed from
granite from nearby Mount Waldo.
- 1866 - Founded in 1866, Togus became the first Veteran's Hospital in the US
- 1895 - Maine state flower
and floral emblem is the white
pine cone and tassel.
- 1909 - Maine State Flag
- 1916 - Acadia National Park is one of the most visited
U.S. National Parks, with over 2 million annual visitors. The Park was first established
and opened in 1916.
- 1919 - Maine State Great
- 1927 - The chickadee
is Maine official state bird.
- 1937 - Maine State Song: "State
of Maine Song," words and music by Roger Vinton Snow was adopted
- 1945 - Maine Official State
Tree is the White Pine
(Pinus strobus L.)
- 1969 - The Maine State Fish
is the Landlocked Salmon (Salmo salar sebago
- 1971 - Maine Official
State Mineral is Tourmaline
- 1975 - The honeybee
is Maine official state insect.
- 1979 - The Maine
State Animal is the Moose
- 1985 -
- 1987 - Maine Official
State Vessel is the
- 1991 -
- 1999 -
- 2005 -
- 2007 - Maine State Heritage Fish is the
Blueback charr (Salvelinus alpinus oquassa)
- 2010 -
- Maine State Official Dessert is the Blueberry pie
- Maine State Treat is the Whoopie pie
Maine History Firsts - Maine State Facts
- Eastport is the most eastern city in the United States. The city is considered the first
place in the United States to receive the rays of the morning sun.
- American poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow spent much of his childhood in Portland.
- Maine's coastal waters attract a steadily increasing number of saltwater sports fishing
- More than nine-tenths of Maine's total land area is forested, the highest percentage
of forest coverage of any state.
- In Wilton there is a cannery that imports and cans only dandelion greens
- Maine is the only state in the United States whose name has one syllable.
- Maine is the only state that shares its border with only one other
state, New Hampshire.
- Bath is known as the City of Ships.
- Joshua L. Chamberlain born in Brewer received the only battlefield promotion to General
during the Civil War. He was also the last Civil War soldier to die of wounds incurred in
- The White Mountain National Forest covers nearly 800,000 acres, the forest covers a
landscape ranging from hardwood forests to the largest alpine area east of the Rocky Mountains
- More wooden toothpicks are produced in Maine that in any other state.
- Eastport is the most eastern city in the United States, receiving the first rays of
- Freeport is home to the L.L. Bean Company.
- Maine is the only state in the United States whose name has one syllable.
- Aroostook County at 6,453 square miles covers an area greater than the combined size
of Connecticut and Rhode Island.
- Maine produces 99% of all the blueberries in the country making it the single largest
producer of blueberries in the United States.
- Maine's earliest inhabitants were descendants of Ice Age hunters.
- West Quoddy Head is the most easterly point in the United States.
- Augusta is the most eastern capital city in the United States.
- Mount Katahdin is the state's highest point at 5,268 feet above sea level.
- Portland is the birthplace of poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow.
- Senator Margaret Chase Smith stood up in the senate and gave the famous Declaration
of Conscious speech, speaking out against the McCarthy era. Senator Smith was the first
female presidential candidate.
- Author Steven King is a resident of Bangor.
- Former President George Bush has a summer home in Kennebunkport.
- The skating scene in the movie "The Preacher's Wife" was filmed in Deering Oaks Park
- Maine lies farther northeast than any other state.
- Maine's nickname as the "Pine
Tree State" comes from the pines that once dotted the state's forests.
- With a total area of 33,215 square miles the state covers nearly as many square miles
as the other five New England states combined.
- Maine has 3,478 miles of coastline - more than California (3,427),
and over 5,000 miles of coast if you include all of the islands as well. Only Florida and
Louisiana (mostly bayou) have more miles of coastline. The coastline boasts so many deep
harbors it is thought all the navies in the world could anchor in them.
- Maine is most famous for... Lobster and harvests the majority
of the lobster in the United States. Approximately 40 millions pounds (nearly 90 percent)
of the nation's lobster supply is caught off the coast of Maine. Maine lobsters have won
international fame for their flavor and contribution to the culinary world.
- Maine has 3,166 off-shore islands. Only about 1,200 Maine coast islands
have an acre or more, 600 comprise 95% of the island acreage.
- Maine has over 32,000 miles of Rivers and Streams.
- The Vikings are believed to have discovered Maine 1,000 years ago.
- The Penobscot Marine Museum in Searsport houses numerous historic buildings and marine
- Number of Maine Lighthouses: 67 (Quoddy Head Light is the eastern most
point in the U.S.) Numerous lighthouses dot the Main coast including Fort Point Lighthouse
at Fort Point State Park in Stockton Springs and Grindle Point Lighthouse on Isleboro.
- Acadia National Park is one of the most visited U.S. National Parks,
with over 2 million annual visitors. The Park was first established and opened in
- The Sailor's Memorial Museum in Isleboro features displays depicting life at sea.
- Located in Thorndike Village, the Bryant Stove Works and Museum displays an eclectic
collection of antique cast iron stoves, parlor heaters, roadsters and touring cars. In addition,
the museum features antique layer pianos, pipe organs and music boxes, calliopes, nickelodeons,
- Maine's blueberry crop is the largest in the nation.
- Maine contains 542,629 acres of state and national parks.
- Edmund S. Muskie became the first Democratic United States senator ever elected by popular
vote in Maine. He was also elected governor for two terms. He was born in Rumford.
- Maine's government entities are comprised of 16 counties with 22 cities, 435 towns,
33 plantations, 424 unorganized townships and 3 Indian reservation.
County Information and County History
Androscoggin, Aroostook, Cumberland, Franklin, Hancock, Kennebec, Knox, Lincoln, Oxford, Penobscot, Piscataquis, Sagadahoc, Somerset, Waldo, Washington, York
Britain's American colonies broke with their mother country in 1776 and were then recognized as
the new nation of the United States of America following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the
19th and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded across
the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions.
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