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Michigan State Stone

Petoskey Stone

Michigan State Stone - Petoskey Stone

(Hexagonaria pericarnata)

Adopted on June 28, 1965.

The Petoskey Stone, (Hexagonaria pericarnata,) was adopted as the state stone on June 28, 1965. Almost a century after the it was found.

Governor George Romney signed a bill that made the Petoskey Stone Michigan's official State Stone. It was fitting that Miss Ella Jane Petoskey, the only living grand-child of Chief Petosegay, was present at the formal signing. The legislation is very general. The bill simply states that the Petoskey Stone is the State Stone. The designation of Hexagonaria percarinata was made by Dr. Edwin C. Stumm in 1969. Dr. Stumm made this distinction based on his extensive knowledge of fossils.

Michigan State Stone: Petoskey Stone

Michigan State Stone - Petoskey Stone

The most often asked question is, "What is a Petoskey Stone?" Coral that was formed by the fossilization of ancient coral, hexagonaria, and is commonly found along the shores of Lake Michigan and Lake Huron in the United States. These corals lived in warm shallow seas that covered Michigan during Devonian time, some 350 million years ago. These corals lived in warm shallow seas that covered Michigan during Devonian time, some 350 million years ago.

Michigan was extensively resurfaced by glaciers during the Pleistocene (the last 1.6 million years), and as part of this process, moving glaciers plucked up pieces of the bedrock and carried them along, smoothing and rounding them in transport. This accounts for the regular shapes of Petoskey Stones found today. Good Petoskey Stones may be collected at Fisherman's Island State Park near Charlevoix, and at the south end of the beach at Petoskey State Park. In the late 1990s, the largest Petoskey Stone yet discovered, a one-ton monolith, was found by an amateur fossil hunter at Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore.

This specific fossil coral is found only in the rock strata known as the Alpena Limestone. The Alpena Limestone is part of the Traverse Group of Devonian age. The Alpena Limestone is a mixture of lime stones and shales. The outcrops of these rocks are restricted to the Little Traverse Bay area near Petoskey.

Michigan State Stone - Petoskey Stone

The Alpena Limestone is only part of the Devonian in Michigan. Devonian age rocks form the bedrock for much of the northern Lower Peninsula. Devonian rocks outcrop at less than three percent of the surface of the United States. Michigan's average is much higher. Much of what is known about the Devonian is interpreted from the fossil record.

At least seven different species of the genus Hexagonaria are found in Devonian rocks in Michigan. The Petoskey Stone genera of corals are found in Iowa, Indiana, Illinois, Ohio, New York, Canada, Germany, England, and even Asia. These corals are difficult to distinguish from each other on casual inspection. In order to tell these corals apart, you must become familiar with coral anatomy and the related terms.

The name Petoskey is a derivation of the name Petosegay, the name given to the son of a Frenchman who married an Ottwa Indian princess and later became the tribes' chief . The translation means "rising sun" or "rays of dawn".

Michigan Compiled Laws

The law designating the Petoskey stone as the official Michigan state stone is found in the TATUTES, Chapter 2, Section 2.16

Act 89 of 1965 Statute
STATE STONE (2.16 - 2.16)
STATE STONE (EXCERPT)
Act 89 of 1965

2.16 State stone.
Sec. 1.
The Petoskey stone is hereby adopted as the official stone of the state of Michigan.

History: 1965, Act 89, Eff. Mar. 31, 1966

Taxonomic Hierarchy: Petoskey Stone

Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order: Stauriida
Family: Disphyllidae
    Subfamily: Hexagonariinae
Genus: Hexagonaria Gurich, 1896
Species: Hexagonaria pericarnata

 

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