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State Soils
State Soils

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West Virginia State Soil

Monongahela Silt LoamWest Virginia State Soil: Monongahela Silt Loam

(Fine-loamy, mixed, semiactive, mesic Typic Fragiudults)

Adopted on April 2, 1997

The state soil is Monongahela Silt Loam, adopted by concurrent resolution on April 2, 1997, making West Virginia the 12th state to have an official state soil. The name "Monongahela" is derived from a Native American word meaning "high banks or bluffs, breaking off and falling down in places."

West Virginia State Soil: Monongahela Silt Loam

The West Virginia State Soil

West Virginia State Soil: Monongahela Silt Loam

A state soil is represented by a soil series that has special significance to a particular state. Each state in the United States has selected a state soil, fifteen of which have been legislatively established. These "Official State Soils" share the same level of distinction as official state flowers and birds. Also, representative soils have been selected for Guam, Puerto Rico, and the Virgin Islands.

"Monongahela soils occur on more than 100,000 acres in 45 counties in West Virginia. These very deep, moderately well drained soils are on alluvial stream terraces that are not flooded. They are used extensively for cultivated crops, hay, pasture, woodland, and homesite development. Monongahela soils are considered prime farmland where slopes are 3 percent or less. The soils are well suited to crop production.

The Monongahela series was designated the official state soil by the West Virginia Legislature in April 1997. The name "Monongahela"is derived from a Native American word meaning "high banks or bluffs, breaking off and falling down in places."The mean annual precipitation is about 45 inches, and the mean annual temperature is about 51 degrees F."

Monongahela soils occur on more than 100,000 acres in 45 counties in West Virginia. These very deep, moderately well drained soils are on alluvial stream terraces that are not flooded. They are used extensively for cultivated crops, hay, pasture, woodland, and homesite development. Monongahela soils are considered prime farmland where slopes are 3 percent or less. The soils are well suited to crop production.

The Monongahela series consists of very deep, moderately well drained soils formed in old alluvium derived largely from acid sandstone and shale on terraces. Permeability in the fragipan is moderately slow or slow. Slope ranges from 0 to 25 percent. Mean annual precipitation is about 45 inches, and mean annual air temperature is about 51 degrees F.

Monongahela Soil Profile

Surface layer: dark grayish brown silt loam
Subsurface layer: yellowish brown silt loam
Subsoil - upper: yellowish brown silt loam
Subsoil - lower: a firm, brittle fragipan of light yellowish brown loam
Substratum: strong brown and gray clay loam

MONONGAHELA SERIES


The Monongahela series consists of very deep, moderately well drained soils formed in old alluvium derived largely from acid sandstone and shale on terraces. Permeability in the fragipan is moderately slow or slow. Slope ranges from 0 to 25 percent. Mean annual precipitation is about 45 inches, and mean annual air temperature is about 51 degrees F.

TAXONOMIC CLASS: Fine-loamy, mixed, semiactive, mesic Typic Fragiudults

SERIES ESTABLISHED: Greene County, Pennsylvania, 1921.

State Soils
State Soils
A state soil is a soil that has special significance to a particular state. Each state in the United States has selected a state soil, twenty of which have been legislatively established. These Official State Soils share the same level of distinction as official state flowers and birds.
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