American Folk Dance
, Grain, Grape
, Historic Cooking Vessel
, Historical Song
, Musical Instrument
, Poet Laureate
, Purple Martin Capital of Arkansas Northwest
, Purple Martin Capital of Arkansas Southeast
, Trout Capital of the USA
Adopted on June 23,1939.
The pine tree (Genus Pinaceae) was adopted as the Arkansas State Tree by the Fifty-second
General Assembly of 1939. Their are four different species of pine native to Arkansas. They
are shortleaf pine, loblolly pine, longleaf pine, and slash pine. The most common species in
the state today are the loblolly pine and the shortleaf pine.
Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), also called Arkansas pine, North Carolina pine,
and oldfield pine, is the most commercially important forest species in the
southern United States, where it is dominant on about 11.7 million ha (29 million acres) and
makes up over one-half of the standing pine volume. It is a medium-lived, intolerant to moderately
tolerant tree with rapid juvenile growth. The species responds well to silvicultural treatments
and can be managed as either even-aged or uneven-aged natural stands, or can be regenerated
artificially and managed in plantations.
pine tree is a major resource of the state's paper industry. There are approximately 200 species
of trees native to Arkansas. With the many hybrids, the total comes close to 300, which is
a good representation of the nearly 1,200 different trees recognized for the United States.
Of the saw timber grown in Arkansas, over 83% is pine, oak, and gum.
The loblolly and shortleaf pine are varieties of southern yellow pine found in our state.
Both varieties may grow to be 100 feet tall and can be found in our two National Forests-the
Ouachita National Forest and the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest.
Identification of the Pine Tree
- One of the most common trees on Assateague Island, the loblolly can grow up to 100 feet
tall and up to three feet in diameter; however, along the coast they seldom rise more than
50 feet. Because of the shade from these trees, a loblolly wood will have few smaller trees
- Leaf: Evergreen, 6 to 9 inches long, with (usually) three yellow-green needles
- Flower: Monoecious; males long cylindrical, red to yellow, in clusters at branch
tips; females yellow to purple.
Cones are ovoid to cylindrical and red-brown in color. The umbo is armed with a short spine.
Cones are roughly the size of a potato (3 to 6 inches). Maturing September to October.
- Twig: Orange-brown in color, fine to moderately stout. Buds are light reddish-brown.
- Bark: Quite variable. When young, appears brown and scaly. Older trees are ridged
and furrowed, with somewhat apparent blocks. Very old trees have red-brown scaly plates.
- Form: A medium to large tree that self-prunes well and develops a straight trunk
and an oval, somewhat dense crown.
Arkansas House Concurrent Resolution
House Concurrent Resolution No. 2 directly related the choice of the pine
tree as the state tree to the economic importance of "Pine Timber resources" and
the fact that this renewable resource was important to the state's "future and its economic
and industrial position". It read, in part:
WHEREAS, Some of the States of the American Union have by resolution declared what should be
their State Tree; and
WHEREAS, The State of Arkansas has not by proper Resolution of the General Assembly declared
what shall be regarded as its State Tree; and
WHEREAS, The Pine Timber resources of Arkansas have, during its existence, been one of its
greatest sources of wealth; and
WHEREAS, They are recognized as one of the most important determining factors in the State’s
future and its economic and industrial position; and
WHEREAS, Pine Timber is one of the few renewable resources of the State; and
WHEREAS, Widespread interest is being taken in Reforestation, especially with reference to
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF THE FIFTY-SECOND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE
OF ARKANSAS, THE SENATE THEREOF CONCURRING THEREIN,
That the pine tree be declared and everywhere recognized as the state tree of the State of
Arkansas Code (Non annotated), Title 1, Chapter 4, Section 1-4-119.
TITLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
CHAPTER 4. STATE SYMBOLS, MOTTO, ETC.
1-4-119. State tree.
The pine tree is declared and everywhere recognized as the state tree of the State of Arkansas.
History. House Concurrent Resolution No. 2, Acts 1939.
Taxonomic Hierarchy of the Loblolly Pine
||Plantae -- Plants
||Tracheobionta -- Vascular plants
||Spermatophyta --Seed plants
||Pinaceae --Pine family
||Pinus L. --pine
Dendrology at Virginia Tech
US Department of Agriculture
All of the state trees, except the Hawaii state tree, are native to the state in which they are designated.