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The pine tree (Genus Pinaceae) was adopted as the Arkansas State Tree by the Fifty-second General Assembly of 1939. Their are four different
species of pine native to Arkansas. They are shortleaf pine, loblolly pine, longleaf pine, and slash pine. The most common species in the state today
are the loblolly pine and the shortleaf pine.
Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda), also called Arkansas pine, North Carolina pine, and oldfield pine, is the most commercially important forest species in the southern United States, where it is dominant on about 11.7 million ha (29 million acres) and makes up over one-half of the standing pine volume. It is a medium-lived, intolerant to moderately tolerant tree with rapid juvenile growth. The species responds well to silvicultural treatments and can be managed as either even-aged or uneven-aged natural stands, or can be regenerated artificially and managed in plantations.
The pine tree is a major resource of the state's paper industry. There are approximately 200 species of trees native to Arkansas. With the many hybrids, the total comes close to 300, which is a good representation of the nearly 1,200 different trees recognized for the United States. Of the saw timber grown in Arkansas, over 83% is pine, oak, and gum.
The loblolly and shortleaf pine are varieties of southern yellow pine found in our state. Both varieties may grow to be 100 feet tall and can be found in our two National Forests-the Ouachita National Forest and the Ozark-St. Francis National Forest.
House Concurrent Resolution No. 2 directly related the choice of the pine tree as the state tree to the economic importance of "Pine
Timber resources" and the fact that this renewable resource was important to the state's "future and its economic and industrial position".
It read, in part:
WHEREAS, Some of the States of the American Union have by resolution declared what should be their State Tree; and
WHEREAS, The State of Arkansas has not by proper Resolution of the General Assembly declared what shall be regarded as its State Tree; and
WHEREAS, The Pine Timber resources of Arkansas have, during its existence, been one of its greatest sources of wealth; and
WHEREAS, They are recognized as one of the most important determining factors in the State's future and its economic and industrial position; and
WHEREAS, Pine Timber is one of the few renewable resources of the State; and
WHEREAS, Widespread interest is being taken in Reforestation, especially with reference to Pine Timber;
NOW, THEREFORE, BE IT RESOLVED BY THE HOUSE OF THE FIFTY-SECOND GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF ARKANSAS, THE SENATE THEREOF CONCURRING THEREIN,
That the pine tree be declared and everywhere recognized as the state tree of the State of Arkansas.
The law designating the pine tree as the official Arkansas state tree is found in the Arkansas Code (Non annotated), Title 1, Chapter 4, Section 1-4-119.
TITLE 1. GENERAL PROVISIONS.
CHAPTER 4. STATE SYMBOLS, MOTTO, ETC.
1-4-119. State tree.
The pine tree is declared and everywhere recognized as the state tree of the State of Arkansas.
History. House Concurrent Resolution No. 2, Acts 1939.
Taxonomic Hierarchy: Pine Tree
Kingdom: Plantae - Plants
Subkingdom: Tracheobionta - Vascular plants
Superdivision: Spermatophyta - Seed plants
Division: Coniferophyta - Conifers
Family: Pinaceae - Pine family
Genus: Pinus L. - pine