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Idaho Counties

There are44 Counties in Idaho.
Counties are the largest political divisions within the state.

When Idaho became a territory in March, 1863, there were four Counties in existence: Boise, Idaho, Nez Perce and Shoshone. By the time Idaho became a state 27 years later, there were 15 counties. The rest of the 44 Counties came into existence during the 30 years after Idaho became a state. Two of the former Counties disappeared during this time. Alturas, which was created in 1864, was later divided into the many Counties now found in central Idaho. Logan County was only in existence for six years, from 1889 to 1895. It was combined with Alturas to form Blaine County and Lincoln County, which was formed just two weeks after Logan lost its identity.
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Shoshone County, Idaho

Shoshone County Education, Geography, and HistoryShoshone County, Idaho Courthouse

Shoshone County is a county located in the state of Idaho. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,765. The county seat is Wallace, and the largest city is Kellogg. The county was established in 1864, named for the Native American Shoshone tribe.

Shoshone County is commonly referred to as the Silver Valley, due to its century-old mining history. The Silver Valley is famous nationwide for the vast amounts of silver, lead, and zinc mined from it.

Etymology - Origin of Shoshone County Name

Shoshone County is named for the Shoshone Native American tribe.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Shoshone County History

Established February 4, 1864 with its county seat at Pierce. In 1885 the county seat was moved to Murray , in 1890 to Osborn, and finally to Wallace in 1893. The first organized unit of government within Idaho boundaries, created and named for the Shoshoni Indians in 1858 by the Washington Territorial Legislature as part of Washington, effective in 1861.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 2,635 square miles (6,820 km2), of which 2,630 square miles (6,800 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (0.2%) is water.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Sanders County, Mont.
  • Southeast: Mineral County, Mont.
  • South: Clearwater County
  • Southwest: Latah County
  • West: Benewah County
  • Northwest: Kootenai County; Bonner County


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