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Washington County is a county located in the western part of the state of Maryland. As of the 2010 US Census, the population was
147,430. Its county seat is Hagerstown. Washington County was the first county in the United States to be named for the Revolutionary War
general (and later President) George Washington. Washington County is one of three Maryland counties recognized by the Appalachian Regional
Commission as being part of Appalachia.
The county borders southern Pennsylvania to the north, Northern Virginia to the south, and the Eastern Panhandle of West Virginia to the south and west.
Washington County is included in the Hagerstown-Martinsburg, MD-WV Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Washington-Baltimore-Arlington, DC-MD-VA-WV-PA Combined Statistical Area.
George Washington, first President of the United States
County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts
The western portions of Maryland (including present Washington County) were incorporated into Prince George's
County in 1696. This original county included six current counties. The first to be created was Frederick, separated from Prince George's
County in 1748.
Washington County was formed on September 6, 1776 by the division of Frederick County. At the same time, a portion of Frederick County became part of the newly created Montgomery County along with portions from Prince George's County and Charles' County, and was named for General Richard Montgomery. Washington County as created included land later to become Allegany County (created in 1789) and Garrett County (included in Allegany County when it was created in 1789, but separated from Allegany County in 1872). Washington County thus originally included the entire western part of the state.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 467 square miles (1,210 km2), of which 458 square miles (1,190 km2) is
land and 9.6 square miles (25 km2) (2.0%) is water.
Washington County is located in the Appalachian Mountains, stretching from the Ridge-and-Valley Country in the west to South Mountain in the east, which is an extension of the Blue Ridge. Much of the county lies in the broad Hagerstown Valley between these two zones; the valley is part of the Great Appalachian Valley that continues southward into Virginia and West Virginia as the Shenandoah Valley and northward into Pennsylvania as the Cumberland Valley.
The county is bordered to the north by the Mason-Dixon line with Pennsylvania, to the south by the Potomac River and the states of Virginia and West Virginia, to the west by Sideling Hill Creek and Allegany County, Maryland, and to the east by Frederick County and South Mountain.
Bordering counties are as follows:
Washington County Public Schools administers public schools in the county.