There are fifty-six counties in Montana. Montana has two consolidated city-counties- Anaconda
with Deer Lodge County and Butte with Silver Bow County. The portion of Yellowstone National Park that lies
within Montana was not part of any county until 1997, when part of it was nominally added to Gallatin County,
and the rest of it to Park County.
Get Your Degree!
Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.
Carter County was created 22 February 1917 from Custer County. County seat: Ekalaka
Carter County was named in honor of United States Senator, Thomas Carter. The county was created by an act of the
Montana State Legislature on February 22, 1917, and was opened for business May 18, 1917 with Ekalaka as the county
seat. What is now the Farmers Union Oil Company building was an old school building and also used as the courthouse.
In 1920 the new courthouse building was built and is still in use to this very day. The total population back in
1920 was 2,972.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,348 square miles (8,672 km2), of which,
3,340 square miles (8,649 km2) of it is land and 9 square miles (23 km2) of it (0.26%) is water.
Ekalaka is located in the Southeastern corner of Montana and is 3,313 square miles. Farming and ranching are the