There are fifty-six counties in Montana. Montana has two consolidated city-counties- Anaconda
with Deer Lodge County and Butte with Silver Bow County. The portion of Yellowstone National Park that lies
within Montana was not part of any county until 1997, when part of it was nominally added to Gallatin County,
and the rest of it to Park County.
Get Your Degree!
Find schools and get information on the program that’s right for you.
Toole County is a county located in the northern portion of the state of Montana. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 5,324. Its
county seat is Shelby. The county was established in 1914 from parts of Hill County and Teton County and was named after Joseph Toole, the
first and fourth governor of Montana. It is south from the Canadian border of Alberta.
Toole County was created 7 May 1914 from Teton and Hill Counties. County seat: Shelby
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,946 square miles (5,040 km2), of which,
1,911 square miles (4,949 km2) of it is land and 35 square miles (90 km2) of it (1.79%) is water.
Its northern boundary is the Canadian border. A part of its southern boundary is formed by Maria's River, which
flows through the south-eastern portion. In the eastern part are several creeks, the largest of which is Willow,
which rises in the Sweet Grass hills and follows a southerly course through the county. In the Sweet Grass hills and
elsewhere indications of oil and gas have been found.