Louisiana Parishes
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Louisiana Parishes

Louisiana is divided into sixty-four parishes. On March 31, 1807, the territorial legislature divided the state into 19 parishes, without getting rid of the old counties (which continued to exist until 1845). In 1811, a constitutional convention organized the state into seven judicial districts, each consisting of groups of parishes. In 1816, the first official map of the state used the term, as did the 1845 constitution. Since then, the official term has been parishes.

Richland Parish, Louisiana

Richland Parish Education, Geography, and HistoryRichland Parish, Louisiana Courthouse

Richland Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 20,725. The parish seat is Rayville. The parish was founded in 1868.

Etymology - Origin of Richland Parish Name

The parish was named in honor of its rich land.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Richland County History

Richland Parish was created on 1869, from Ouachita, Carroll, Franklin and Morehouse Parishes and the parish was named in honor of its rich land. The Parish seat is Rayville.

Richland Parish Courthouse - 1952

The first courthouse, built in 1870 in the parish seat of Rayville was a two room wood frame building. It was later sold to a church organization who rolled it to the bank of the river, floated it ten miles downstream and converted it to a church which remains in use today. The present courthouse is the parish's third and was completed in 1952

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the parish has a total area of 565 square miles (1,460 km2), of which 559 square miles (1,450 km2) is land and 5.5 square miles (14 km2) (1.0%) is water

Neighboring Parishes

Bordering parishes and counties are as follows:

  • North: Morehouse Parish
  • Northeast: West Carroll Parish; East Carroll Parish
  • East: Madison Parish
  • Southeast: Franklin Parish
  • Southwest: Caldwell Parish
  • West: Ouachita Parish


Public schools in Richland Parish are operated by the Richland Parish School Board.

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