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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into 159 counties. Under the Georgia Constitution, Counties are granted home rule to deal with issues that are local in nature. Four consolidated city-Counties — Athens (Clarke County), Augusta (Richmond County), Columbus (Muscogee County), and Cusseta (Chattahoochee County) — exist.

Georgia has the second-highest number of Counties of any state in the United States, behind Texas (254). A few Georgia Counties have changed names over time. Jasper County was originally known as Randolph County. Later, the current Randolph County came into being. Webster County was once known as Kinchafoonee County, and Bartow County was formerly known as Cass County.
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Baldwin County, Georgia

Baldwin County Education, Geography, and HistoryBaldwin County, Georgia Courthouse

Baldwin County is a county located in the state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 46,337. The county seat is Milledgeville.

Baldwin County is part of the Milledgeville, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Baldwin County Name

Georgia's 27th county was named for Abraham Baldwin, a member of the Continental Congress and author of the bill to create the nation's first state university, now the University of Georgia.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Baldwin County History

Georgia's 27th county was named for Abraham Baldwin, a member of the Continental Congress and author of the bill to create the nation's first state university, now the University of Georgia.

Milledgeville was laid out in 1803, designated as the state capital in 1804, and incorporated in 1806. The city served as state capital until that honor was transferred to Atlanta on April 20, 1868. Milledgeville, named for Governor John Milledge, is the county's only incorporated city.

The historic district of Milledgeville includes the Old State Capitol and Governor's Mansion, as well as a number of noteworthy private homes. According to the National Trust for Historic Preservation, Milledgeville is the only surviving example of a complete "Federal Period" city. It is also the only city designed specifically to be a state capital.

Points of Interest

With 15,330 acres of water and 417 miles of shoreline, Lake Sinclair is an important recreational resource for the county.

The State of Georgia has a strong presence in the county with the Middle Georgia Correctional Institution, Central State Hospital, the Youth Development Center, and two University System units.

Notable Citizens

Notable Georgians from Baldwin County include the Honorable Carl Vinson, who served Georgia as a US Congressman for 50 years; writer Flannery O'Connor; and comedian Oliver Hardy. Georgia College's Ina Dillard Russell Library is home of the Flannery O'Connor Collection and includes manuscripts by O'Connor and her personal collection of more than 700 books and journals.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 267 square miles (690 km2), of which 258 square miles (670 km2) is land and 9.6 square miles (25 km2) (3.6%) is water. Baldwin is in the Oconee River basin.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Hancock County
  • Southeast: Washington County; Wilkinson County
  • West: Jones County
  • Northwest: Putnam County


Georgia College and State University, Central Georgia Technical College, and Georgia Military College.

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