Find the Right School

Find a College

Begin Now!

Online Colleges
Campus Colleges
Georgia Counties
Georgia County map
Click Image to Enlarge
Georgia Counties
Georgia is divided into 159 counties. Under the Georgia Constitution, Counties are granted home rule to deal with issues that are local in nature. Four consolidated city-Counties — Athens (Clarke County), Augusta (Richmond County), Columbus (Muscogee County), and Cusseta (Chattahoochee County) — exist.

Georgia has the second-highest number of Counties of any state in the United States, behind Texas (254). A few Georgia Counties have changed names over time. Jasper County was originally known as Randolph County. Later, the current Randolph County came into being. Webster County was once known as Kinchafoonee County, and Bartow County was formerly known as Cass County.

Clay County, Georgia

Clay County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Fort Gaines
Year Organized: 1854
Square Miles: 195
Court House:

105 North Washington Street
County Courthouse
Fort Gaines, GA 31751-0000

Etymology - Origin of County Name

It was named for Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Clay County was created from parts of Early and Randolph counties in 1854. It was named for Senator Henry Clay of Kentucky.

Fort Gaines grew up around a fort on the Chattahoochee River established to protect settlers during the Creek Indian Wars. The town, named for the fort's builder, General Edmund Pendleton Gaines, became a shipping point for cotton planters for many miles on both sides of the Chattahoochee River, remaining a key market until about 1858 when railroads replaced river freight.

Cemocheechobee Creek is the site of a pre-historic community, consisting of a large village area surrounding three adjacent platform mounds.

Points of Interest

The Walter F. George Lock and Dam in George T. Bagby State Park is just north of Fort Gaines on the Chattahoochee River. Under construction from 1955 until 1963, the dam stretches two and a half miles from Alabama. The lock, second highest east of the Mississippi, forms a lake called Lake Walter F. George . The lake extends 85 miles upriver.

The Fort Gaines Historic District and Frontier Village are tourist attractions. There are several reconstructed fort buildings on the site of the original Fort Gaines, and two Civil War gun emplacements. There are also the remains of an 1890s cottonseed oil mill and an early 20th century waterworks. All of these sites are on the National Register.

Elizabeth Stuart Dill who was captured and held hostage by Indians after the War of 1812, is one of the county's interesting historical figure. Forced to accompany the Indians on their raids, she was able to gather a lot of paper money that the Indians had deemed useless and save it by pinning it to her petticoats. When rescued, she returned with her loot to Fort Gaines and built the Dill House, which is now a Bed and Breakfast.

Other recreational facilities include the Meadowlinks 18-Hole Championship Golf Course.

Notable Citizens

Walter F. George, a notable Clay County resident, rose from tenant farmer beginnings to serve in the US Senate from 1923 to 1956. President Eisenhower also appointed George to be his personal ambassador to NATO.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Quitman County
  • Northeast: Randolph County
  • Southeast: Calhoun County
  • South: Early County
  • Southwest: Henry County, Ala.
  • Northwest: Barbour County, Ala.

Cities and Towns:

- Bluffton town Incorporated Area
- Fort Gaines (County Seat) city Incorporated Area

County Resources:


Additional County Info

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"