Effingham County is a county located in the state of Georgia. Based on the 2010 census, the
population was 52,250. Effingham County was
created on February 5, 1777 from St Mathew and St Philip
Parishes. The county seat is
Springfield. The county is named in honor of Thomas
Howard, the Third Earl of Effingham (1746-1791), who was sympathetic
with the independence movement.
Effingham County is included in the Savannah, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The county is named for Lord Effingham, an English nobleman who was a colonial rights advocate and who refused to take up arms against the revolutionaries.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Effingham County was created in 1777 from the colonial parishes of St. Matthew and St. Philip. Georgia's 4th county was named for Lord Effingham, an English nobleman who was a colonial rights advocate and who refused to take up arms against the
Effingham County is one of the oldest settlement areas in America. The Lutheran Salzburg community established in 1734 at Ebenezer (German for "Stone of Help"), was the second settlement in Georgia.
There are several buildings and sites on the National Register of Historic Places in the county. These include the Effingham County Courthouse, the New Hope AME Church, the Guyton-Whitesville Historic District, the Jerusalem Church, and the New Ebenezer Town site.
A length of the 314-mile long Savannah River forms Effingham County's eastern border, separating it from South Carolina.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 483 square miles (1,250 km2), of which 478 square miles (1,240 km2) is land and 5.2 square miles (13 km2) (1.1%) is water.
Effingham county is located in east Georgia. The county is in the Savannah River basin and the Ogeechee River basin.
Bordering counties are as follows:
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