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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into 159 counties. Under the Georgia Constitution, Counties are granted home rule to deal with issues that are local in nature. Four consolidated city-Counties — Athens (Clarke County), Augusta (Richmond County), Columbus (Muscogee County), and Cusseta (Chattahoochee County) — exist.

Georgia has the second-highest number of Counties of any state in the United States, behind Texas (254). A few Georgia Counties have changed names over time. Jasper County was originally known as Randolph County. Later, the current Randolph County came into being. Webster County was once known as Kinchafoonee County, and Bartow County was formerly known as Cass County.

Effingham County, Georgia

Effingham County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Springfield
Year Organized: 1777
Square Miles: 480
Court House:

601 North Laurel Street
County Courthouse
Springfield, GA 31329-0000

Etymology - Origin of County Name

Named for Lord Effingham, an English nobleman who was a colonial rights advocate and who refused to take up arms against the revolutionaries.

Demographics:

County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

Effingham County was created in 1777 from the colonial parishes of St. Matthew and St. Philip. Georgia's 4th county was named for Lord Effingham, an English nobleman who was a colonial rights advocate and who refused to take up arms against the revolutionaries.

Effingham County is one of the oldest settlement areas in America. The Lutheran Salzburg community established in 1734 at Ebenezer (German for "Stone of Help"), was the second settlement in Georgia.

Points of Interest

There are several buildings and sites on the National Register of Historic Places in the county. These include the Effingham County Courthouse, the New Hope AME Church, the Guyton-Whitesville Historic District, the Jerusalem Church, and the New Ebenezer Town site.

A length of the 314-mile long Savannah River forms Effingham County's eastern border, separating it from South Carolina.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Northeast: Hampton County, S.C.
  • East: Jasper County, S.C.
  • Southeast: Chatham County
  • South: Bryan County
  • West: Bulloch County
  • Northwest: Screven County
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