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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into 159 counties. Under the Georgia Constitution, Counties are granted home rule to deal with issues that are local in nature. Four consolidated city-Counties — Athens (Clarke County), Augusta (Richmond County), Columbus (Muscogee County), and Cusseta (Chattahoochee County) — exist.

Georgia has the second-highest number of Counties of any state in the United States, behind Texas (254). A few Georgia Counties have changed names over time. Jasper County was originally known as Randolph County. Later, the current Randolph County came into being. Webster County was once known as Kinchafoonee County, and Bartow County was formerly known as Cass County.
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Hall County, Georgia

Hall County Education, Geography, and HistoryHall County, Georgia Courthouse

Hall County is a county located in the state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 179,684. The county seat is Gainesville.

Hall County comprises the Gainesville, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is also part of the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Hall County Name

Named for Dr. Lyman Hall, signer of the Declaration of Independence and later governor of Georgia.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Hall County History

Hall County was created in 1818 from Indian treaty lands. Georgia's 44th county was named for Dr. Lyman Hall, signer of the Declaration of Independence and later governor of Georgia.

The county seat is Gainesville, which may have been named for early settlers in the area, or for General Edmund P. Gaines, who arrested Aaron Burr for treason.

Gainesville's municipal power plant was built in 1899. Gainesville was the first southern city to have electric streetlights.

Gainesville is often referred to as the "Poultry Capital of the World."

Points of Interest

Hall County is split by the Chattahoochee River and Lake Lanier, the most northerly impoundment of the river. Lake Lanier is a major recreation and tourism site and served as the venue for many of the rowing and kayaking events in the 1996 Olympic Games.

Notable Citizens

General James Longstreet of the Confederate Army made his post-Civil War home in Hall County. He was appointed Minister to Turkey by President Grant.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 429 square miles (1,110 km2), of which 393 square miles (1,020 km2) is land and 37 square miles (96 km2) (8.5%) is water. Hall is in the Chattahoochee River basin and the Oconee River basin

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: White County
  • Northeast: Habersham County
  • East: Banks County
  • Southeast: Jackson County; Barrow County
  • Southwest: Gwinnett County; Forsyth County
  • Northwest: Dawson County; Lumpkin County


Higher Education

Gainesville College and Brenau University.

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