Jackson County is a county located in the state of Georgia. Based on the 2010 census, the
population was 60,485. Jackson County was
created on February 11, 1796 from Franklin County. The county
Jefferson. The county is named in honor of General
James Jackson (1757-1806), a hero of the Revolutionary War.
Jackson County comprises the Jefferson, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.
The county is named for Revolutionary War General, Congressman, and Senator James Jackson.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts
Jackson County, the 22nd county of Georgia, was created in 1796 from part of Franklin County. It is named for Revolutionary War General, Congressman, and Senator James Jackson.
The county seat is Jefferson, named for President Thomas Jefferson. It was originally located on the site of an Indian village, Thomocoggan.
The Jackson County Courthouse was constructed in 1879 and is a prime example of the neoclassical architecture of that time. A clock tower was added in 1906, and renovations were completed in 1978. The courthouse is one of the few examples of such architecture still in use in Georgia.
Commerce, the most populous city in the county, has become a major retail center featuring outlet malls.
State high school track and field championships are held in Jefferson, which has one of the top track facilities in the state.
Jackson is also home to the Peach State Motorspeedway.
Braselton is home of the Chateau Elan Winery, Panoz Motorsports, golf, equestrian center, resort and spa.
One notable person from Jackson County is Crawford W. Long, the doctor who discovered using ether as an anesthetic. He was studying in Jefferson when he made this revolutionary discovery. The Crawford W. Long Museum displays important artifacts and information recognizing his discovery. Long's statue is one of two Georgians in the US Capitol.
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 343 square miles (890 km2), of which 340 square miles (880 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (1.0%) is water.
Jackson county is located in north Georgia. The county is mostly in the Oconee River basin and a very small portion is in the Savannah River basin.
Bordering counties are as follows: