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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into 159 counties. Under the Georgia Constitution, Counties are granted home rule to deal with issues that are local in nature. Four consolidated city-Counties — Athens (Clarke County), Augusta (Richmond County), Columbus (Muscogee County), and Cusseta (Chattahoochee County) — exist.

Georgia has the second-highest number of Counties of any state in the United States, behind Texas (254). A few Georgia Counties have changed names over time. Jasper County was originally known as Randolph County. Later, the current Randolph County came into being. Webster County was once known as Kinchafoonee County, and Bartow County was formerly known as Cass County.
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Jackson County, Georgia

Jackson County Education, Geography, and HistoryJackson County, Georgia Courthouse

Jackson County is a county located in the state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 60,485. The county seat is Jefferson.

Jackson County comprises the Jefferson, GA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Jackson County Name

It is named for Revolutionary War General, Congressman, and Senator James Jackson.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Jackson County History

ackson County, the 22nd county of Georgia, was created in 1796 from part of Franklin County. It is named for Revolutionary War General, Congressman, and Senator James Jackson.

The county seat is Jefferson, named for President Thomas Jefferson. It was originally located on the site of an Indian village, Thomocoggan.

The Jackson County Courthouse was constructed in 1879 and is a prime example of the neoclassical architecture of that time. A clock tower was added in 1906, and renovations were completed in 1978. The courthouse is one of the few examples of such architecture still in use in Georgia.

Points of Interest

Commerce, the most populous city in the county, has become a major retail center featuring outlet malls.

State high school track and field championships are held in Jefferson, which has one of the top track facilities in the state.

Jackson is also home to the Peach State Motorspeedway.

Braselton is home of the Chateau Elan Winery, Panoz Motorsports, golf, equestrian center, resort and spa.

Notable Citizens

One notable person from Jackson County is Crawford W. Long, the doctor who discovered using ether as an anesthetic. He was studying in Jefferson when he made this revolutionary discovery. The Crawford W. Long Museum displays important artifacts and information recognizing his discovery. Long's statue is one of two Georgians in the US Capitol.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 343 square miles (890 km2), of which 340 square miles (880 km2) is land and 3.4 square miles (8.8 km2) (1.0%) is water. Jackson is mostly in the Oconee River basin and a very small portion is in the Savannah River basin.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Banks County
  • East: Madison County
  • Southeast: Clarke County; Oconee County
  • Southwest: Barrow County
  • Northwest: Hall County


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