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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into 159 counties. Under the Georgia Constitution, Counties are granted home rule to deal with issues that are local in nature. Four consolidated city-Counties — Athens (Clarke County), Augusta (Richmond County), Columbus (Muscogee County), and Cusseta (Chattahoochee County) — exist.

Georgia has the second-highest number of Counties of any state in the United States, behind Texas (254). A few Georgia Counties have changed names over time. Jasper County was originally known as Randolph County. Later, the current Randolph County came into being. Webster County was once known as Kinchafoonee County, and Bartow County was formerly known as Cass County.
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Madison County, Georgia

Madison County Education, Geography, and HistoryMadison County, Georgia Courthouse

Madison County is a county located in the state of Georgia. As of the 2010 census, the population was 28,120. The county seat is Danielsville. The county was created on December 5, 1811.

Madison County was included in the Athens-Clarke County, GA Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Atlanta-Athens-Clarke County-Sandy Springs, GA Combined Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Madison County Name

It was named for President James Madison.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Madison County History

Madison County, the 38th county formed in Georgia, was created in 1811 from parts of Clarke, Elbert, Franklin, Jackson and Oglethorpe counties. It was named for President James Madison.

Points of Interest

The soils of Madison County were heavily damaged by the cotton monoculture common in this region prior to the 1930s. Agribusiness dominates the local economy, with poultry production particularly important.

Madison and Oglethorpe counties share Watson Mill Bridge State Park, the site of the longest covered bridge in Georgia. The bridge, which is over 100 years old, spans 229 feet of the South Fork of the Broad River. There are also facilities for camping, hiking trails, picnicking and fishing in the park.

The Madison County Courthouse, one of the most ornate in Georgia, was built in 1901 for the sum of $18,314. It is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. New Hope Presbyterian Church, established in 1788, is the third oldest church in Georgia.

Notable Citizens

Crawford W. Long, the first doctor to use ether in surgery, was born in Danielsville in 1815.


According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 286 square miles (740 km2), of which 282 square miles (730 km2) is land and 3.3 square miles (8.5 km2) (1.1%) is water. Madison is mostly in the Savannah River basin and a very small portion is in the Oconee River basin.

Neighboring Counties:

  • North: Franklin County
  • Northeast: Hart County
  • East: Elbert County
  • Southeast: Oglethorpe County
  • Southwest: Clarke County
  • West: Jackson County
  • Northwest: Banks County


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