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Georgia Counties

Georgia is divided into one hundred and fifty-nine counties. The original eight counties of the State of Georgia were Burke, Camden, Chatham, Effingham, Glynn, Liberty, Richmond and Wilkes all created on February 5, 1777. The last new county to be established in Georgia was Peach County, established in 1924.

Wilcox County, Georgia

Wilcox County Education, Geography, and HistoryWilcox County, Georgia Courthouse

Wilcox County is a county located in the state of Georgia. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 9,255. Wilcox County was created on December 22, 1857.     The county seat is Abbeville. Wilcox county is named in honor of General Mark Wilcox (1800-1850), a noted soldier and state legislator.

Etymology - Origin of Wilcox County Name

Georgia's 124th county was named for General Mark Wilcox, state legislator and one of the founders of the Georgia Supreme Court.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Wilcox County History

Wilcox County was created from Dooly, Irwin, and Pulaski counties in 1857. Georgia's 124th county was named for General Mark Wilcox, state legislator and one of the founders of the Georgia Supreme Court.

Poor Robin Spring, located near Abbeville, was named for an Indian chief who was said to have been healed after bathing in its ice-cold waters. A venison ham more than 100 years old was taken from the depths of the spring and found to be petrified.

Points of Interest

The Ocmulgee River forms the county's eastern boundary. Guided wild boar hunts are available along its banks.

Wilcox is primarily an agricultural community. It is the state's second largest producer of watermelons and among the top producers of cantaloupe. Other products include peanuts, cotton, broilers, and timber.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 382 square miles (990 km2), of which 378 square miles (980 km2) is land and 4.4 square miles (11 km2) (1.2%) is water.

 Wilcox county is located close to the center of Georgia.     The county is in the Ocmulgee River basin and the Suwannee River basin.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Pulaski County
  • Northeast: Dodge County
  • East: Telfair County
  • Southeast: Ben Hill County
  • Southwest: Turner County
  • West: Crisp County
  • Northwest: Dooly County


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