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Illinois Counties

There are one hundred and two counties in Illinois. St. Clair County was the first county established in what is today Illinois. Most counties in Illinois were named after early American leaders, especially of the American Revolutionary War, as well as soldiers from the Battle of Tippecanoe and the War of 1812.

Massac County, Illinois

Massac County Education, Geography, and HistoryMassac County, Illinois Courthouse

Massac County is a county located in the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 15,429.  Massac County was created on February 8 and March 3, 1843. The county seat is Metropolis. The county is named for Fort Massac, a colonial-era fort on the Ohio River.

Massac County is included in the Paducah, KY-IL Micropolitan Statistical Area. It is located along the Ohio River, in the portion of the state known locally as "Little Egypt".

Etymology - Origin of Massac County Name

The county is named for Fort Massac, a colonial-era fort on the Ohio River.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Massac County History

Massac County was created on February 8 and March 3, 1843 (Laws, 1843, p. 74, 101) and was formed from Johnson and Pope Counties. Present area, or parts of it, formerly included in: Pope County (1816-1843), Johnson County (1812-1843), Randolph County (1795-1812) and Knox, Northwest Territory (1790-1801).

The County was named for Fort Massac, a corruption of a French surname, Massiac. The County Seat is Metropolis (1843-Present).

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 242 square miles (627 km2), of which, 239 square miles (619 km2) of it is land and 3 square miles (8 km2) of it (1.26%) is water.

Massac county is located in south Illinois. Part of Shawnee National Forest is located in this county.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Pope County
  • East: Livingston County, Ky.
  • South: McCracken County, Ky.
  • Southwest: Ballard County, Ky.
  • West: Pulaski County
  • Northwest: Johnson County


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