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Illinois Counties

There are one hundred and two counties in Illinois. St. Clair County was the first county established in what is today Illinois. Most counties in Illinois were named after early American leaders, especially of the American Revolutionary War, as well as soldiers from the Battle of Tippecanoe and the War of 1812.

Menard County, Illinois

Menard County Education, Geography, and HistoryMenard County, Illinois Courthouse

Menard County is a county located in the state of Illinois. According to the 2010 census, it had a population of 12,705.  Menard County was created on February 15, 1839. The county seat is Petersburg. The county is named for Pierre Menard (1766-1844), prominent early settler and first Lieutenant Governor of Illinois.

Menard County is part of the Springfield, Illinois, IL Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Menard County Name

The county is named for Pierre Menard, first Lieutenant Governor of Illinois.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

Menard County History

Menard County was created on February 15, 1839 (Laws, 1839, p. 104) and was formed from Sangamon County . Present area, or parts of it, formerly included in: County Sangamon County (1821-1839), Bond County (1817-1821), Madison County (1812-1821) and St. Clair County (1790-1812).

The County was named for Pierre Menard, a pioneer Indian trader, Colonel of the Territorial militia, and first Lieutenant Governor of Illinois. The County Seat is Petersburg (1839-Present).

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 315 square miles (817 km2), of which, 314 square miles (814 km2) of it is land and 1 square miles (3 km2) of it (0.36%) is water.

Menard county is located close to the center of Illinois.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Northeast: Logan County
  • Southeast: Sangamon County
  • West: Cass County
  • Northwest: Mason County


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