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Indiana Counties
Indiana County map
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Indiana Counties

Indiana is divided into ninety-two counties. The oldest and newest Counties in Indiana are Knox County (created 1790) and Newton County (created 1857).Many Indiana counties are named for the US Founding Fathers and personalities of the American Revolutionary War, the War of 1812 and Battle of Tippecanoe; early leaders of Indiana Territory and Indiana, as well as surrounding states like Michigan and Kentucky; plus Native American tribes and geographical features.

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Madison County, Indiana

Madison County Education, Geography, and HistoryMadison County, Indiana Courthouse

Madison County is a county located in the state of Indiana. As of 2010, the population was 131,636. Madison County was created on July 1, 1823. The county seat is Anderson. This county is named for United States President James Madison.

Madison County is included in the Indianapolis-Carmel-Anderson, IN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of Madison County Name

The county is named for James Madison who was the fourth President of the United States.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

Madison County History

Madison County was formally organized July 1, 1823 It was named for James Madison, co-author of the Federalist Papers, and fourth President of the United States, from 1809 to 1817.

Madison County is divided into 14 Civil Townships as follows: Adams, Anderson, Boone, Duck Creek, Fall Creek, Green, Jackson, Lafayette, Monroe, Pipe Creek, Richland, Stoney Creek, Union and Van Buren.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 453 square miles (1,173 km2), of which 452 square miles (1,171 km2) is land and 1 square mile (2 km2) (0.17%) is water.

Madison county is located close to the center of Indiana. Hoosier Park is located in this county.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • North: Grant County
  • Northeast: Delaware County
  • Southeast: Henry County
  • South: Hancock County
  • Southwest: Hamilton County
  • Northwest: Tipton County


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