Indiana is divided into ninety-two counties. The oldest and newest Counties in Indiana are Knox County
(created 1790) and Newton County (created 1857).Many Indiana counties are named for the US Founding Fathers and personalities of the American Revolutionary War,
the War of 1812 and Battle of Tippecanoe; early leaders of Indiana Territory and Indiana, as well as surrounding
states like Michigan and Kentucky; plus Native American tribes and geographical features.
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MartinCounty is a county located in the state of Indiana. As of 2010, the
population was 10,334. Martin County was
created on February 1, 1820. The countyseat is Shoals. The county is named
for Major John T. Martin, hero of the War of 1812.
Etymology - Origin of Martin County Name
The county is named for Major John T. Martin of Newport, Kentucky.
Originally a part of Daviess County, Martin was organized as a separate county February 1, 1820. It was named for
Maj. John T. Martin of Newport, Kentucky
Martin County is divided into 9 Civil Townships as follows: Baker, Brown, Center, Halbert, Lost River, McCameron,
Mitcheltree, Perry and Rutherford. The township once known as Columbia in now included mostly in Halbert Township
although small portions are included in Center and Lost River Townships.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 341 square miles (882 km2), of which 336
square miles (871 km2) is land and 4 square miles (11 km2) (1.29%) is water.
Martin county is located in south Indiana. Part of the county belongs
to the Naval Surface Warfare Center Crane Division, and about a quarter
of the county belongs to Hoosier National Forest.