Massachusetts consists of the fourteen counties. Massachusetts has abolished seven of its
fourteen county governments, leaving five Counties with county-level local government (Barnstable, Bristol,
Dukes, Norfolk, Plymouth) and two, Nantucket County and Suffolk County, with combined county/city government. The oldest counties still in Massachusetts are Essex County, Middlesex County, and Suffolk County, created in 1643 with the original Norfolk County which was absorbed by New Hampshire and bears no relation to the modern Norfolk County.
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Franklin County is a nongovernmental county located in the state of Massachusetts. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 71,372,
which makes it the least-populous county on the Massachusetts mainland, and the third-least populous county in the state. Its largest
community and traditional county seat is Greenfield.
Franklin County comprises the Greenfield Town, MA Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is included in the Springfield-Greenfield Town, MA
Combined Statistical Area.
Etymology - Origin of Franklin County Name
For Benjamin Franklin (1706 - 1790), early American scientist, diplomat, and politician
Established 1811 from Hampshire County. County seat: Greenfield.
Franklin County is located in north central Massachusetts. It is bordered by the Massachusetts counties of
Worcester to the east, Hampshire to the south, and Berkshire to the west. The Vermont counties of Bennington and
Windham, and the New Hampshire county of Cheshire, are at its northern boundary.
Geography: Land and Water
As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 725 square miles (1,877 km2), of which, 702
square miles (1,818 km2) of it is land and 23 square miles (59 km2) of it (3.13%) is water. central southern
Franklin is dominated by the northern end of the pioneer valley with steep hills slowly rising on either side of the