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Nevada CountiesThere aresixteen Counties and one independent city in the state of Nevada. On November 25,
1861, the first Nevada Territorial Legislature established nine counties. Nevada was admitted to the Union on
October 31, 1864 with eleven counties. In 1969, Ormsby County and Carson City were consolidated into a single
municipal government known as Carson City.
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Esmeralda County, Nevada
Esmeralda County Education, Geography, and History
County Seat: Goldfield
Year Organized: 1861
Square Miles: 3,589
P. O. Box 517
Goldfield, NV 89013-0517
Etymology - Origin of County Name
The name means emerald in Spanish, given to the mining district by J. M. Corey, an explorer of the area.
County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick
November 25, 1861 - The name means emerald in Spanish, given to the mining district by J. M. Corey, an explorer of the area.
Esmeralda grew from a gold mining boom in the first years of the 20th century. The mines were largely tapped out
by the end of the 1910s and the economy and population declined afterwards.
According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,589 square miles (9,295 km2), of which,
3,588 square miles (9,294 km2) of it is land and 0 square miles (1 km2) of it (0.01%) is water. A very small part of
Death Valley National Park lies in its southeast corner.
The county is dominated by the Silver Peak and Monte Cristo mountain ranges.
- Mineral County - northwest
- Nye County - east
- Inyo County, California - south
- Mono County, California - west
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