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Nevada Counties
There aresixteen Counties and one independent city in the state of Nevada. On November 25, 1861, the first Nevada Territorial Legislature established nine counties. Nevada was admitted to the Union on October 31, 1864 with eleven counties. In 1969, Ormsby County and Carson City were consolidated into a single municipal government known as Carson City.

Esmeralda County, Nevada

Esmeralda County History, Geography, and Demographics

County Seat: Goldfield
Year Organized: 1861
Square Miles: 3,589
Court House:

P. O. Box 517
County Courthouse
Goldfield, NV 89013-0517

Etymology - Origin of County Name

The name means emerald in Spanish, given to the mining district by J. M. Corey, an explorer of the area.


County QuickFacts: Census Bureau Quick Facts

County History

November 25, 1861 - The name means emerald in Spanish, given to the mining district by J. M. Corey, an explorer of the area.

Esmeralda grew from a gold mining boom in the first years of the 20th century. The mines were largely tapped out by the end of the 1910s and the economy and population declined afterwards.


According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 3,589 square miles (9,295 kmē), of which, 3,588 square miles (9,294 kmē) of it is land and 0 square miles (1 kmē) of it (0.01%) is water. A very small part of Death Valley National Park lies in its southeast corner.

The county is dominated by the Silver Peak and Monte Cristo mountain ranges.

Neighboring Counties:

  • Mineral County - northwest
  • Nye County - east
  • Inyo County, California - south
  • Mono County, California - west

Cities and Towns:

- Goldfield (County Seat)

County Resources:

Enter County Resources and Information Here

County Resources
Counties: US Map
The history of our nation was a prolonged struggle to define the relative roles and powers of our governments: federal, state, and local. And the names given the counties, our most locally based jurisdictions, reflects the "characteristic features of this country!"