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Nevada is a state in the western, mountain west, and southwestern regions of the United States. Nevada is the 7th most extensive, the 35th most populous, and the 9th least densely populated of the 50 United States. Nevada is almost entirely within the Basin and Range Province, and is broken up by many north-south mountain ranges. Most of these ranges have endorheic valleys between them, which belies the image portrayed by the term Great Basin. Nevada is bordered on the north by Oregon and Idaho, the east by Utah and Arizona, and on the south west and west by the State of California.
Nevada is from the Spanish word meaning "snowcapped."
This state was named after the mountain range in the west.
As far back as 1857 many names were used to refer to the area that became
Nevada, IE: Sierra Nevada Territory; Washoe Territory; Carson Territory; Eastern
Slope; Humboldt; Esmeralda; Sierra Plata; Oro Plata and Bullion. But in 1864
the land emerged as "Nevada" a Spanish word meaning snow-covered.
From out at sea Spanish sailors gazed upon the beautiful mountain ranges of California. They called these mountains Sierra Nevada (snowy range). Sierra Nevada seemed an apt name for the new territory that was being carved out of Utah, but when the deed was done in 1859, the name of this new territory had been shortened to Nevada.
The state's nickname is "The Silver State," due to the large number of silver deposits that were discovered and mined there. The state was more seriously known as Silverland (traced back to 1863, from the wealth of silver deposits). This eventually became the Silver State (a nickname challenged by Colorado, but which is what appears on the state's license plates today), and also led to the Mining State.
Named the "Sagebrush State" for the wild sage that grows there prolifically. However, the Sagebrush State (challenged by Wyoming) is more common (the sagebrush being the state's official flower), occasionally shortened to Sage State
Facetious nicknames, like Divorce State have appeared (in this case, due to the rise of Reno and Las Vegas)
The sage hen is a true bird of the west. The sage hen or sage grouse, once very plentiful in Nevada, gives us this nickname