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New Mexico Counties

There is thirty-three counties in the state of New Mexico. There were originally nine counties formed in 1852. Santa Ana County, New Mexico Territory, one of the nine original counties, was annexed in 1876 to Bernalillo County, New Mexico.

San Miguel County, New Mexico

San Miguel County Education, Geography, and HistorySan Miguel County, New Mexico Courthouse

San Miguel County is a county located in the state of New Mexico. Based on the 2010 census, the population was 29,393. Its county seat is Las Vegas.

San Miguel County comprises the Las Vegas, NM Micropolitan Statistical Area, which is also included in the Albuquerque-Santa Fe-Las Vegas, NM Combined Statistical Area.

Etymology - Origin of San Miguel County Name

The county got its name from the town of San Miguel de Bado which was a crossing at the Pecos River on the Old Spanish Trail.


County QuickFacts: CensusBureau Quick Facts

San Miguel County History

San Miguel County was established 9 January 1852. The county seat is Las Vegas. The county got its name from the town of San Miguel de Bado which was a crossing at the Pecos River on the Old Spanish Trail. San Miguel is one of the most beautiful counties in New Mexico ranging from mountains to meadows. It has two colleges. Tourism and retirement are of major economic value.

Geography: Land and Water

As reported by the Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 4,736 square miles (12,270 km2), of which 4,716 square miles (12,210 km2) is land and 20 square miles (52 km2) (0.4%) is water.

Neighboring Counties

Bordering counties are as follows:

  • Mora County - north
  • Harding County - east
  • Quay County - southeast
  • Guadalupe County - south
  • Torrance County - southwest
  • Santa Fe County - west


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